"Paris vaut bien une messe"

It was on this day in 1576 that Henry of Navarre abjured Roman Catholicism in order to join the Huguenot forces.

With the encouragement of the great love of his life, Gabrielle d'Estrées, on 25 July 1593 Henry permanently renounced Protestantism, thus earning the resentment of the Huguenots and his former ally, Queen Elizabeth, but clearing the way to the Throne of France on 27 February 1594.

Dieu le Roy!

I have made an error in this article which I have corrected, I apollogize.

NPR reports on The Requiem Mass for Louis XVI

Elena-Marie has posted this NPR gem on her blogsite Tea at Trianon. The links on her site will direct you to a sound recording of the radio article.

In expected less than favorable way the on scene reporter ELEANOR BEARDSLEY says, "The mass is in Latin. The priest swings a censer of incense on a chain. The somber service in this stone-cold Seventh century church resonates with regret for a France that lived 16 centuries in the Catholic monarchy. The priest describes the day it all came to an end when Louis XVI was led to the guillotine." More... Highlights are mine.B

To the left the French Revolution was the turning point when all things were remade. it was simply the first move in the destruction of civilization. The cancer spreads still.

I only wish I were being interviewed.

Dieu le Roy!

Heart to Heart

I am adding the site Heart to Heart to my blog as a site which I will visit often. As this is the first Friday of February it gives us time to reflect upon the Sacred Heart and the 12 promises given to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque.

Heart To Heart is,

"...An Apostolic Mission for the Renewal of the Devotion to The Sacred Heart of Jesus.

A program for Catholic participation in Sacred Heart prayers and Sacred Heart Devotion practices,available through our free Sacred Heart Prayer Booklet.

For all Catholic men and women, families and young people troubled by the many afflictions of modern life. Discover the greatest source of spiritual and temporal help, graces and blessings for those who truly love the Sacred Heart of Our Lord, Jesus Christ, and practice His requested Devotion with the essential prayers and acts, including the "First Friday" and the "Nine Fridays" promises..." more...

It is time we Catholics got "Back to Basics" in our Faith.

The above Painting is by Joseph Fannelli, N.Y. N.Y.© 1994 All rights reserved, the use of which has been granted by the kind permission of Albert Falk. Thanks Albert, and a tip of the beret.

Priez pour nous.


Le Sacré-Coeur de Jésus

Le Sacré-Coeur de Jésus d'après le tableau de Rome

Neuvaine irrésistible au Coeur Sacré de Jésus

Cette neuvaine nous vient de Sainte Marguerite-Marie Alacoque. Padre Pio disait chaque jour cette neuvaine pour tous ceux qui se recommandaient à ses prières.

I - O Jésus, qui avez dit : " En vérité, je vous le dis, demandez et vous recevrez, cherchez et vous trouverez, frappez et l'on vous ouvrira !" voici que je frappe, je cherche et je demande la grâce ......
Pater, Ave, Gloria,
Coeur Sacré de Jésus, j'ai confiance et j'espère en vous.

II - O Jésus, qui avez dit : " En vérité, je vous le dis, tout ce que vous demanderez à mon Père en mon Nom, il vous l'accordera ! " voici qu'en votre Nom je demande la grâce ....
Pater, Ave, Gloria,
Coeur Sacré de Jésus, j'ai confiance et j'espère en vous.

III - O Jésus, qui avez dit : " En vérité, je vous le dis, le ciel et la terre passeront, mais mes paroles ne passeront point ! " voici qu'en m'appuyant sur l'infaillibilité de vos saintes paroles je demande la grâce ...
Pater, Ave, Gloria,
Coeur Sacré de Jésus, j'ai confiance et j'espère en vous.

Prière O Coeur Sacré de Jésus, à qui il est impossible de ne pas avoir compassion des malheureux, ayez pitié de nous, pauvres pécheurs, et accordez-nous la grâce que nous vous demandons, par l'intercession du Coeur Immaculé de Marie, notre tendre Mère.

Salve Regina

Salut, Reine, Mère de miséricorde,
Notre vie, notre douceur, notre espérance, salut !
Vers toi nous crions, enfants d'Ève exilés,
Vers toi nous soupirons, gémissant et pleurant
Dans cette vallée de larmes.
Ô toi notre avocate,
Tourne vers nous ton regard miséricordieux
Et Jésus, le fruit béni de tes entrailles,
Montre-le nous après cet exil.
Ô clémente, ô douce Vierge Marie.

Saint Joseph, père adoptif du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus, priez pour nous.

This powerful prayer was recited every day by Padre Pio for all those who recommended themselves to his prayers:

I. O my Jesus, You said "verily I say to You, ask and you shall receive, seek and you shall find, knock and it shall be opened to you", behold I knock, I seek and I ask for the grace of...

Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father. Sacred Heart of Jesus I put all my trust in Thee.

II. O my Jesus, You said, "verily I say to You, whatsoever you shall ask the Father in My name, He will give it to you", behold in your name I ask the Father for the grace of...

Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father. Sacred Heart of Jesus I put all my trust in Thee.

III. O my Jesus, You said, "verily I say to You, heaven and earth shall pass away but My words shall not pass away", behold I encouraged by your infallible words, now ask for the grace of...

Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory be to the Father. Sacred Heart of Jesus I put all my trust in Thee.

O sacred Heart of Jesus, to whom one thing alone is impossible, namely, not to have compassion on the afflicted, have pity on us miserable sinners and grant us the grace which we ask of Thee through the Sorrowful and Immaculate Heart of Mary, your and our tender Mother.

Salve Regina

Hail, holy Queen, Mother of Mercy!
Our life, our sweetness, and our hope!
To thee do we cry, poor banished
children of Eve, to thee do we send
up our sighs, mourning and weeping
in this valley, of tears.
Turn, then, most gracious advocate,
thine eyes of mercy toward us; and
after this our exile show unto us the
blessed fruit of thy womb Jesus;
O clement, O loving, O sweet virgin Mary.

St. Joseph, foster father of Jesus, pray for us.

Jhesu + Marie,


Glory of Poland

An Irish Tory remembers the Glory of Poland...

"...The Poles have also been God’s instrument on earth on a few occasions, namely against the Turk and the Bolshevik... ...Battle of the Pelannor Field‘ not outside Minas Tirith, but Vienna, and with the Poles as the heroic Rohirim storming into battle, coming from the north to the rescue of their Christian brothers..." more...

Thanks to the Irish Tory...


In Memoriam, Achduchess Regina

It is with great sadness that I announce the passing of Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Archduchess Regina, consort of His Imperial and Royal Highness the Archduke Otto former head of the House of Habsburg from 1922 to 2007, when he relinquished the title in favour of his son, the Archduke Karl.

The Archduchess died this morning at her home in Pöcking, Bavaria, at the age of 85 where the Archduchess and her husband the Acgduke Otto lived in seclusion.

Above: The Archduchess with her husband, Dr Otto von Habsburg, at a mass to mark their 50th wedding anniversary in 2001.

Christened Regina Helene Elisabeth Margarete, she was born in Würzburg, Germany, on January 6 1925, the youngest of four daughters of Prince Georg, the titular Duke Georg III of Saxe-Meiningen, and his wife, Countess Klara-Marie von Korff genannt Schmissing-Kerssenbrock. Her father, who had joined the Nazi party in 1933, died in a Russian prisoner-of-war camp at Chernopevetz a year after the war ended, when she was 21. Her sister died at only three months old, while one of her brothers, Prince Anton Ulrich, was killed in action at Albert-sur-Somme in 1940. Another became a Carthusian monk at Grande Chartreuse in Grenoble.

Further back, her great-grandfather was Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (1826-1914), who after the Franco-Prussian War became a well-known patron of the theatre, and is sometimes described as having been the first modern stage director – he is remembered particularly for developing the Meiningen Ensemble, using his court theatre and designing costumes and props himself.

As a young girl, Regina studied social work at Bamberg, and later worked at a refugee home in Munich. In 1949 Archduke Otto von Habsburg came to visit some of his former Hungarian subjects who were being cared for at the home. The following year he and Regina became engaged.

Otto von Habsburg was barred from entering Austria until 1966, and owing to this injunction the couple were forced to marry elsewhere. The service eventually took place in France on May 10 1951 at the Eglise des Cordeliers in Nancy (the burial place of several members of the House of Lorraine), with the blessing of Pope Pius XII.

Although Otto was the heir to the Austrian Empire, he was unusual among "pretenders" in electing to ignore his aristocratic title, preferring to style himself Dr Otto von Habsburg; in 1979 he was voted into the European Parliament as Christian Democrat member for North Bavaria and served for the next 20 years, becoming the highly-regarded Father of the House and its only member to have been born before the First World War. He never claimed the throne of Austria, and in 2000 renounced his sovereignty of the Order of the Golden Fleece, the last sign of his leadership of the Imperial Family.

The Archduchess proved a devoted wife, and her husband acknowledged that, but for her support, he would not have been able to make such a success of his political career.

She herself was Protectress of the Order of the Starry Cross, an all-female Roman Catholic order founded in the 17th century; Grand Mistress of the Order of Elisabeth, a similar organisation; and an Honorary Lady Grand Cross of the Sovereign Order of Malta.

For some years she had suffered from heart problems, and in December 2005 had a stroke; but she recovered sufficiently to attend the wedding of a grandson in 2008.

The Archduchess died at Pöcking über Starnberg, Bavaria, at the villa where she had lived with her husband, who survives her, since 1953. They had two sons and five daughters. Their elder son, Karl, married Baroness Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza, daughter of Baron Heini von Thyssen and his third wife, Fiona Campbell-Walter.

The UK Telgraph

God our Father,
Your power brings us to birth,
Your providence guides our lives,
and by Your command we return to dust.

Lord, those who die still live in Your presence,
their lives change but do not end.
I pray in hope for my family,
relatives and friends,
and for all the dead known to You alone.

In company with Christ,
Who died and now lives,
may they rejoice in Your kingdom,
where all our tears are wiped away.
Unite us together again in one family,
to sing Your praise forever and ever.


Requiescat in pace.

Jhesu + Marie,


US Baptists to appear before Haitian prosecutor

I stand by my earlier statement that this is proselytizing those who are suffering, there is no honour in this.

Parents willingly gave kids to U.S. missionaries
By FRANK BAJAK, Associated Press Writer Frank Bajak,

CALLEBAS, Haiti – Parents in this quake-wracked Haitian village unable to feed or clothe their children handed the youngsters over to a group of American missionaries who promised to give them a better life.

In a testament to the misery of a nation that was the western hemisphere's poorest even before a Jan. 12 earthquake, many Callebas parents say they wouldn't know what to do if they had to take the children back.

"I am living in a tent with a friend," said Laurentius Lelly, a 27-year-old computer technician who gave up his two children, ages 4 and 6. "My main concern is that if the kids come back I'm not going to be able to feed them."

The Americans were to appear Thursday before a prosecutor who will decide whether to file charges or release them, Communications Minister Marie-Laurence Jocelyn Lassegue told the AP.

The stories the parents told The Associated Press on Wednesday in this village a half hour from the capital contradict claims by the Baptist group's leader that the children came from orphanages or were handed over by distant relatives.

The 10 Baptists, most from Idaho, were arrested last week trying to take 33 Haitian children across the border into the Dominican Republic without the required documents, according to Haitian authorities.

Standing amid piles of debris that used to be their homes and the makeshift shelters of tin and plastic sheeting that have replaced them, the people of Callebas told how they came to surrender their children.

It all began last week when a local orphanage worker, fluent in English and acting on behalf of the Baptists, convened nearly the entire village of 500 people on a dirt soccer field to present the Americans' offer.

Isaac Adrien, 20, told his neighbors the missionaries would educate their children in the neighboring Dominican Republic, the villagers said, adding that they were also assured they would be free to visit their children there.

Many parents jumped at the offer.

"It's only because the bus was full that more children didn't go," said Melanie Augustin, a 58-year-old who gave her 10-year-old daughter, Jovin, to the Americans.

Adrien said he met the Baptists' leader, Laura Silsby of Meridian, Idaho, in Port-au-Prince on Jan. 26. She told him she was looking for homeless children, he said, and he knew exactly where to find them.

He rushed home to Callebas, where people scrape by growing carrots, peppers and onions. That very day, he had a list of 20 children.

Jorge Puello, the group's lawyer, said Wednesday by phone from the Dominican Republic that the missionaries "willingly accepted kids they knew were not orphans because the parents said they would starve otherwise."

Prime Minister Max Bellerive has suggested the Americans could be prosecuted in the United States because Haiti's shattered court system may not be able to cope with a trial.

In Washington, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the attempt to bring undocumented children out of Haiti was "unfortunate whatever the motivation" and the Americans should have followed proper procedures. She said U.S. officials were in discussions with Haitian authorities about how to resolve the case.

Lelly said he was worried the Haitian judicial system would not properly investigate the case. No Haitian police or social welfare investigators have visited the village since the Americans were arrested at the border, the parents said.

"I would like to find out if these people were really going to help the kids or were trying to steal them," Lelly said.

The children, ranging in age from 2 to 12, are being cared for at the Austrian-run SOS Children's Village in Port-au-Prince.

A Haitian-born pastor who said he worked as an unpaid consultant for the group insisted the Baptists had done nothing wrong.

The Rev. Jean Sainvil said some of the children were orphans and might have been put up for adoption. Children with parents were to be kept in the Dominican Republic, and would not lose contact with their families, Sainvil said in Atlanta.

"Everybody agreed that they knew where the children were going. The parents were told, and we confirmed they would be allowed to see the children and even take them back if need be," he said.

Sainvil stressed that in Haiti it is not uncommon for parents who can't support their children to send them to orphanages.

Dieu le Roy!


The Lost Piety of Catholic France II – Our Lady of La Salette

Roger returns with his article on the lost piety of France in his second installment.

Our Lady of La Salette – 1896 French postcard image

By roger 30 January 2010

Since the period of the French Revolution, there has been a series of Marian Apparitions, eight of which – as is commonly known - have been approved by the Church. This is to say that among untold hundreds of alleged apparitions, the Vatican after prolonged and exhaustive investigation accepted these as authentic appearances of the Blessed Virgin.

Many details naturally vary between these apparitions, but clearly they possess common features. One of the most noted of these is the tendency of Our Lady to appear to children, often poor and poorly-educated.

She appeared thus most famously to the child Bernadette at Lourdes and also to the shepherd children of Fatima. But in another of the eight approved apparitions, she appeared in 1846 to the young Mélanie Calvat and Maximin Giraud as they tended flocks near La Salette-Fallavaux in the French Alps.

La Salette! I have been writing at this site about my journeys with Kim through Catholic France. And La Salette made a very, very profound impression on me.

For La Salette contrasted powerfully with the other sites graced by the Mother of God which I visited, for example the Rue du Bac in Paris where Our Lady brought instructions for the Miraculous Medal and Lourdes where Our Lady brought forth miraculous healing water.

If Lourdes then is a site evoking joy, La Salette is very, very different.

For there Our Lady appeared weeping and on the site high in the mountains where the Blessed Virgin appeared to the shepherd children, there are statues.

There is a statue of Mary Mother of God as she appeared, head bent, back bowed down in grief.

And at the base of the statue, I witnessed something I will never forget. I saw crowds of people come and go, not in the happy chatter one might see at Lourdes. But silent and solemn.

This was not within the quiet interior of a church. The statue of Our Lady is outside and there was beautiful sunshine. But the people clustered round Her statue seemed unusually sober. I could not help but feel that many of us who gathered there felt quietly called to look solemnly at our own sin and failing.

This kind of solemness it seems to me is a gift of true Christianity. Catholicism is sometimes associated in the popular mind with a kind of morbid guilt – so opposed to the Freudian pleasure principle!

The truth is, I think, that there is morbid guilt rooted in an egocentric pride, where one bitterly berates oneself, because one does not live up to a false goal of perfection.

Such a goal can only lead to morose guilt and the true Saints knew that in this world they were fallen, hopelessly fallen … However hard they drove themselves, they did not drown in egotistical self-hatred for an unattainable perfection reserved amongst creatures for Our Lady alone.

No, what I saw at La Salette was not I fancy the much-hyped “Catholic guilt”, but a sober confrontation with the fact that we all sin every day of our lives … through what we have done and what we have failed to do. Mea Culpa. Mea Culpa. Mea Maxima Culpa.

Such sin must be taken seriously, but not turned into hatred. The experience of knowing that through the Sacraments we are not only cleansed but also LOVED is at the very core of an authentic Catholic spirituality.

Still sin is serious. And there at La Salette was a powerful ambiance bringing me at least an unforgettable reminder of that fact. At Lourdes Our Lady brought joy; here she brought tears. Both are important.

And for what was Our Lady weeping? It is evident in fact, that she was weeping for the Lost Piety of Catholic France.

For the Lady appeared to the children bowed down with tears and with these words:

“Come near, my children, be not afraid; I am here to tell you great news.

If my people will not submit, I shall be forced to let fall the arm of my Son. It is so strong, so heavy, that I can no longer withhold it.

For how long a time do I suffer for you! If I would not have my Son abandon you, I am compelled to pray to him without ceasing; and as to you, you take not heed of it.

However much you pray, however much you do, you will never recompense the pains I have taken for you.

Six days I have given you to labor, the seventh I had kept for myself; and they will not give it to me. It is this which makes the arm of my Son so heavy.

Those who drive the carts cannot swear without introducing the name of my Son. These are the two things which makes the arm of my Son so heavy.”

To the modern utilitarian mind which measures tragedy only in quantifiable terms – how much food or poverty there is or is not for example – Our Lady´s distress can appear baffling.

Now I believe Our Blessed Mother is weeping for all the poor, all the exploited, the starving, the cold and freezing. Of this I have no doubt.

But at La Salette she appeared explicitly weeping for lost piety … To remind us what tragedy there is in this.

And she appeared with another message baffling for the modern mind: that this loss of piety could not continue without serious consequence – for whether the idea pleases or not, we reap what we sow. There is the equilibrium of divine justice.

The materialistic mind reels at all this and more that Our Lady said to the children of La Salette in 1846. But at the site of her appearance in those French mountains, still drawing floods of the faithful in a palpable presence of contemplation and even healing sorrow, I am glad to say that my own all-too-modern mind was untroubled by any doubt at all as to the tears of Our Lady …

And how in the years since, I am grateful to say that I too begin to feel with a heart ever more pierced this sense of lost reverence. It goes without saying of course, that there is no comparison between the piercing that the stony recesses of my heart only begin to feel and the unfathomable piercing Her Immaculate Heart must feel.

There is much more I would like to explore concerning Our Lady of La Salette, but this is part of a series to be continued, and not necessarily immediately or consecutively …

Thanks and a tip of the beret to Roger.

Let the reader not think that this loss of piety only exists in France, it does not. Yet as France is the First Daughter, as France goes so goes the world. France I pray will return to the prememinence it once held as the foremost defender of the True Faith.


The Man Who Bailed Out the US and Wall Street

They always say that you learn some thing new every day. I never new this nex piece of infromation until yesterday after fighting the snow in may yard I relaxed to a cup of coffee and watched Glen Beck...

Bailouts in 1895 and in 1907 Changed US Finance
Sep 12, 2009 George Garza

The largest government bailout occurred between 2008 and 2009. But in 1895, one man bailed out the US government, then Wall Street in 1907. That was JP Morgan.

In 2009, the country saw massive government intervention in the financial markets. This was not the case one hundred years ago. The defacto policy was for the government to keep out of the affairs of business. This was called laissez-faire. However, the Sherman-Antitrust act of 1890 was enacted because business had become monopolistic and anti-competitive.

The Business Bubble of 1890

The 1880s had been a period of fast and wide economic expansion. Like the tech bubble of the late 1990s and housing bubble of the early 21st century, the expansion became driven by speculation except then that bubbled industry was railroads.

Railroads were over-built and many companies tried to take over others, increasing their own instability. As a spillover, many mines, especially silver ones, were opened with rail connections, and their products began to flood the market. Farmers, particularly in the Midwest, suffered a series of droughts which left them short of cash to pay their debts, and drove down the value of their land. One group of people that was damaged by this speculation was the farmer, who saw the value of the land fall, and debts accumulate.

The Sherman Silver Purchase Act

To combat the falling value of their land, Farmers began to press for control of the purchase of silver. The Sherman Silver Purchase Act was signed into law in 1890. It said, “The Government was to pay for the bullion with Treasury notes which could be redeemed in gold or silver coin at the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury … the Act declared that it was “the established policy of the U.S. to maintain the two metals on a parity with each other upon the present legal ratio or such ratio as may be provided by law.”

The act forced the U.S. government to buy millions of ounces of silver notes using silver and gold, which drove up the price of the metal. So the government was drawing more and more money from its own coffers, its reserve, in order to pay for the silver it now owned. Foreign banks began to redeem their silver notes demanding gold. Other private parties did likewise. The governments gold reserves were down. The stage was now set for what was to come, a recession and business downturn. This then made it necessary for someone outside of government to step in and rescue the government if it needed it.

JP Morgan and The Rise of the Large Corporation

Before Morgan’s era, a monarch would be approached to help create large costly enterprises such as large manufacturing enterprises and transportation systems, then the royal coffers were used to build those enterprises. Morgan and a few others realized that an opportunity existed to fill such a role by a private party in the United States with the sale of bonds.

In 1892 Morgan was instrumental in creating the merger of Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form General Electric. Later he was also instrumental in the creation of the Federal Steel Company which he then merged with the Carnegie Steel and several other metal businesses to form the United States Steel Corporation in 1901.

The Panic of 1893

The anti-business sentiment that was growing by 1890. The Sherman Silver Purchase Act and the protectionist policies of the McKinley tariff in the administration started to affect the economy. Several railroads failed, the Reading and Philadelphia in Pennsylvania creating the panic of 1893.

Other factors in the decline of business included, declining building construction; depressed agricultural production, at least partially attributable to adverse weather; and the gold standard and monetary policy. This started to lead to a credit shortage as foreign banks started to pull their funds out of the US. Business and banks began to fail where as many as 15,000 of one and 600 of the other were lost.74 railroads went under as well.

JP Morgan and the Bailout of 1895

Morgan was already well known in the government for his bailout of the US Army payroll in 1871. In 1895 the US treasury had reserves under 100 million. In large part this was due to the Sherman Silver Purchase Act. Morgan and his group replenished the gold reserve with $62,000,000 in gold, allowing the issue of a federal bond that eventually resulted in a Treasury surplus of $100,000,000. He played the role of central banker, sold government bonds for gold (half obtained abroad through his foreign affiliates), and guaranteed to protect the gold reserve.

JP Morgan and the Bailout of 1907

The New York Stock Exchange in 1907 fell by 50% compared to 1906. There the earthquake in San Francisco in 1906 which drew large amounts of gold out of the banking system. The panic of 1907 was a six week stretch of bank runs which occurred after an attempt to corner the market with the shares of United Copper failed. This created a liquidity crisis as banks stopped lending so borrowers lost faith in banks, which lead to many bank failures. Morgan decided that if the Trust Company of America collapsed it would cause too much damage to the fragile financial system in the US. He pulled together other bankers and garnered funds to bail out the firm.

Over the course of six weeks, as the crisis affected both Wall Street and Washington, Morgan acted many times in different capacities. He saved brokerage firms and rounded up $25 million in cash in less than a half hour to help the New York Stock Exchange stay open. He underwrote municipal bonds for New York City by bringing in gold from Europe, which bolstered the dollar and replenished Washington's coffers.(1)

The recurring bank panics that were addressed by private individuals, especially by JP Morgan, instead of the US government, lead to the eventual creation of the Federal Reserve Bank in 1913.

The beginning of the progressive era, which began with TR, continued through Wilson, and FDR continues today with B.O. none of whom ever ran a business.

JPMorgan Chase was among the eight large U.S. banks to receive the Treasury Department's initial round of capital investments -- money described by Treasury officials not as a bailout, but rather as funds to help bolster "healthy" banks in tough times. Bailouts do not work, 4 years after the panic of 1913 we were at war.


(1)See Moen, Jon. "Panic of 1907". EH.Net Encyclopedia, edited by Robert Whaples. August 14, 2001 for additional information.

Business CEOs

Camels in California, a mystery?

When I was stationed in California I helped found the Fort Tejon Historical Association, which must have been in 1984. It feels like 25 years ago. Being historically minded and fresh from the east, I had done some reenacting in the reactivated 1st NC Volunteers. Age and infirmity have caused my retirement from reenacting but I still feel it is a fun way to experience history.

Fort Tejon was built at the summit of the Grapevine Pass between the Los Angeles basin and central California. It is currently on Hwy 5, which runs through the site of the Fort. When it was built it was manned by elements of the 1st US Dragoons, which went out of existance in 1861 to become the 1st and 2nd Cavalry. There was no change in mission just the colour of the braid, which went from orange to yellow. Dragoons were basically mounted infantry who used the horse as a means of transportation. During the War between the states this role was copied and very rarley did the cavalry make any great charges (though many a cavalryman desired it) a la the Napoleonic wars.

One of the great stories has been floating around the US Camel Corps and Camels in the desert...

Fanciful legend has overshadowed the real story of the camel experiment. There never was a "Camel Corps"; Edward F. Beale was never appointed to command a camel corps, and Fort Tejon, California, was never the headquarters of the non-existent "camel corps." There is myth and reality about the Army's camels, and the truth is a more interesting story than the fiction which surrounds the story. Over developed romantic fiction has the Army using the camels to haul freight, regularly to carry the mail, and for active patrols against bandits and hostile Indians. In reality, very little of this actually happened or was true. more...


Above is the only know photo of a Government Camel taken at Wilmington Califonia which is just south of the port of San Pedro, and Los Angeles.

Incidently all my children reenacted, Genevieve debuted at 4 days old and went to her first event at 4 months.


1 February, 1793 France delares War on Great Britain and the Netherlands

The "levee en masse" was not the well adorned army of Napoleon a few years later. Above is the 59eme Demi-Bragade reenacting in Italy.

It was today, 1 February 1793, less than two weeks after murder of King Louis XVI the that France declared war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.

Immediately after the murder of the King Louis XVI a military coalition was formed against France. France had stated it's aim was to export revolution through out Europe. The act of regicide and the declaration of the levée en masse united all of Europe This united all Europe, ...including Spain, Naples, and the Netherlands against the revolution. Even Great Britain, initially sympathetic to the assembly, had by now joined the First Coalition against France, and armies were raised against France on all its borders.

France encountered reverses at first, being driven out of Belgium and suffering revolts in the Vendée(1) and south. But by the end of the year, the newly created armies and a fierce policy of internal repression including mass executions had repelled the invasions and suppressed the revolts. The year ended with French forces in the ascendant, but still close to France's pre-war borders.

It was during this phase of the Wars of Revolution that a little Corsican made his first appearance at the Battle of Toulon.

Thus began the opening shots of a 22 year war .

Vive le Roy!

(1) Which began when the levee attempted to conscript Vendéans for the war against Austria.

10 Baptist Misionaries arrseted in Haiti

Just as I had feared, the evangelical movement has gone to Haiti to proselytize.

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Haitian and U.S. officials are considering a trial in the United States for 10 Americans who were arrested while trying to bus children out of Haiti without documents or permission.

The aborted Baptist "rescue mission" has become a major distraction for a crippled government trying to provide basic life support to millions of earthquake survivors. Haiti's courts and justice ministry were destroyed in the disaster, which also killed many judicial officials.

But the government insisted Monday that the Americans – however well-intentioned – must be prosecuted to send a strong message against child trafficking.

"There can be no question of taking our children off the streets and out of the country," Communications Minister Marie-Laurence Jocelin Lassegue said. "They will be judged. ... That's what is important."

Since their arrest Friday near the border, the church group has been held inside two small concrete rooms in the same judicial police headquarters building where ministers have makeshift offices and give disaster response briefings. They have not yet been charged.

One of their lawyers said they were being treated poorly: "There is no air conditioning, no electricity. It is very disturbing," Attorney Jorge Puello told the AP by phone from the Dominican Republic, where the Baptists hoped to shelter the children in a rented beach hotel.

One of the Americans, Charisa Coulter of Boise, Idaho, was being treated Monday at the University of Miami's field hospital near the capital's international airport. Looking pale and speaking with difficulty from a green Army cot, the 24-year-old Coulter said she had either severe dehydration or the flu. A diabetic, she initially thought her insulin had gone bad in the heat.

Two Haitian police officers stood besides the cot, guarding her.

Huffington post...


A juring episcopacy?

It seem the spirit of juring has not died out yet in France. If you look at the video, (Here) you will see many objects bearing the Sacred Heart including a tricolour, the modern French Royalist version. Can this be the answer why the chuch is to be closed down? The Bishop was booed from the pews and the altar boys walked off. The Bishop's Chausable was an insult as was rainbow coloured, he was told so by a parishoner.

The Catholic News and Comentary Report.

The diocese of Evreux is in Normandy, about mid way between Paris and the English Channel, and it has a glorious history. According to one legend St. Taurinus, the first bishop of Evreux, was baptized at Rome by St. Clement and sent into Gaul as a companion to St. Denis. St. Taurinus was held in high esteem at Evreux; and, Bishop Landulphus, who seems to have occupied the See of Evreux at the beginning of the seventh century, built the basilica there in his honor.

Where once the Church was robust and vibrant in this part of France, and every little town had a Catholic church at its center, now, many of those are either closed or gone – and as the statistics presented earlier testify, the decline is both dramatic and tragic. There is one exception, that of the small parish church in the town of Thiberville, where the parish priest, Fr. Francis Michel, has been offering the Traditional Latin Mass since the publication of the Holy Father’s Summorum Pontificum in 2007. Fr. Michel also offers the Novus Ordo Mass, but “facing toward the Lord.” The parish church is full for Sunday Masses, there are regular catechism classes, abundant altar boys, and the Church has been restored.

From all accounts, however, Fr. Michel’s “success” in ministering to his flock has become a thorn of contention to some of his confreres whose flocks have been picked clean by modernism. It appears that rather than emulate Fr. Michel’s successful approach to the Faith, it would be far easier to be rid of him.