Louis Jean Lumière 5 Oct 1864
Today is the anniversary of Louis Jean Lumière, born in Besançon, France. He was the pioneer of cinematic film making. Louis Jean and his brother was born in Besançon, France, in 1862 (and his brother Auguste in 1864,)they moved to Lyon in 1870, where both attended La Martiniere, the largest technical school in Lyon. Their father, Claude-Antoine Lumière (1840–1911), ran a photographic firm and both brothers worked for him: Louis as a physicist and Auguste as a manager. Louis had made some improvements to the still-photograph process, the most notable being the dry-plate process, which was a major step towards moving images.
It was not until their father retired in 1892 that the brothers began to create moving pictures. They patented a number of significant processes leading up to their film camera - most notably film perforations (originally implemented by Emile Reynaud) as a means of advancing the film through the camera and projector. The cinématographe itself was patented on 13 February 1895 and the first footage ever to be recorded using it was recorded on March 19, 1895. This first film shows workers leaving the Lumière factory. Called "Exiting the Factory" (1895)La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à Lyon.
The moving images had an immediate and significant influence on popular culture with L'Arrivée d'un Train en Gare de la Ciotat literally, "the arrival of a train at La Ciotat", but more commonly known as Arrival of a Train at a Station.
These actuality films, or actualités, are often cited as the first, primitive documentaries.
They also made the first steps towards comedy film with the slapstick of L'Arroseur Arrosé. The Sprinkler Sprinlkled.
In this film we can see the beginnings of slapstick comedies and previews of Laurel and Hardy, the 3 Stooges, the Marx Brothers and many more film comedies.
My personal favorite Lumière is the 1895 film "Repas De Bebe" Baby's meal, most likely because as the world changes babies remain the same.
The Highest French Film award is the Lumière, and this years (2011) award went to Gérard Depardieu. here...