Jacobins and Girondins

Two clubs which formed the basis of French Revolutionary thinking were the Jacobin Club and the Girondin Club. Here is a short description of each.

The Jacobin Club was the largest and most powerful political club of the French Revolution. It originated as the Club Breton, formed at Versailles as a group of Breton deputies to the Estates General of 1789. At the height of its influence, there were between five and eight thousand chapters throughout France, with a membership estimated at 500,000. After the fall of Robespierre the club was closed...

"...Here the impious clamor of the torturers,
insatiate, fed its rage for innocent blood.
Now happy is the land, destroyed the pit of horror;
and where grim death stalked, life and health are revealed."

The Girondins
The Girondists (in French Girondins, and sometimes Brissotins or "Baguettes"), were a political faction in France within the Legislative Assembly and the National Convention during the French Revolution. The Girondists were a group of individuals holding certain opinions and principles in common rather than an organized political party, and the name was at first informally applied because the most brilliant exponents of their point of view were deputies from the Gironde.

These deputies were twelve in number, six of whom—the lawyers Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud, Marguerite Élie Guadet, Armand Gensonné, Jean Antoine Laffargue de Grangeneuve and Jean Jay, and the tradesman Jean François Ducos—sat both in the Legislative Assembly and the National Convention. In the Legislative Assembly, these represented a compact body of opinion which, though not as yet definitely republican, was considerably more advanced than the moderate royalism of the majority of the Parisian deputies.

Vive le Roy!

1 comment:

Joseph Fromm said...

I learned something today.