Whitsunday is so called from the white garments which were worn by those who were baptised during the vigil; Pentecost is the Greek for "the fiftieth" day after Easter.
Whitsunday, as a Christian feast, dates back to the first century, although there is no evidence that it was observed, as there is in the case of Easter; the passage in 1Corinthians 16:8, probably refers to the Jewish feast. This is not surprising, for the feast, originally of only one day's duration, fell on a Sunday; besides it was so closely bound up with Easter that it appears to be not much more than the termination of Paschal tide.
That Whitsunday belongs to the Apostolic times is stated in the seventh of the fragments attributed to St. Irenæus. In Tertullian the festival appears as already well established. The Gallic pilgrim gives a detailed account of the solemn manner in which it was observed at Jerusalem. The Apostolic Constitutions say that Pentecost lasts one week, but in the West it was not kept with an octave until at quite a late date. It appears from Berno of Reichenau that it was a debatable point in his time whether Whitsunday ought to have an octave. At present it is of equal rank with Easter Sunday. During the vigil formerly the catechumens who remained from Easter were baptized, consequently the ceremonies on Saturday are similar to those on Holy Saturday.
The office of Pentecost has only one Nocturn during the entire week. At Terce the "Veni Creator" is sung instead of the usual hymn, because at the third hour the Holy Ghost descended. The Mass has a Sequence, "Veni Sancte Spiritus" the authorship of which by some is ascribed to King Robert of France. The colour of the vestments is red, symbolic of the love of the Holy Ghost or of the tongues of fire. Formerly the law courts did not sit during the entire week, and servile work was forbidden. A Council of Constance in 1094 limited this prohibition to the first three days of the week. The Sabbath rest of Tuesday was abolished in 1771, and in many missionary territories also that of Monday; the latter was abrogated for the entire Church by Pius X in 1911. Still, as at Easter, the liturgical rank of Monday and Tuesday of Pentecost week is a Double of the First Class.
In Italy it was customary to scatter rose leaves from the ceiling of the churches to recall the miracle of the fiery tongues; hence in Sicily and elsewhere in Italy Whitsunday is called Pascha rosatum. The Italian name Pascha rossa comes from the red colours of the vestments used on Whitsunday. In France it was customary to blow trumpets during Divine service, to recall the sound of the mighty wind which accompanied the Descent of the Holy Ghost. In England the gentry amused themselves with horse races. The Whitsun Ales or merry makings are almost wholly obsolete in England. At these ales the Whitsun plays were performed. At Vespers of Pentecost in the Oriental Churches the extraordinary service of genuflexion, accompanied by long poetical prayers and psalms, takes place. On Pentecost the Russians carry flowers and green branches in their hands.
Deo Gratias, Alleluia, Alleluia!
Immense Canvas Representing Joan of Arc Rediscovered
...Its restoration and preparations to show it to the best advantage are questions for the future.
Father Claude Girault, rector of the Cathedral of Orleans, discovered in a chest of old documents, a canvas painting for Joan of Arc's 1920 canonization. At least, that's what one supposes right now. There's no signature, which is typical of other such works from the Vatican which mark beatifications or canonizations, explains one cleric. The fact remains that, after having been hung probably in Saint Peter's in Rome the 20th of July, 1920, the immense canvas currently decorates the choir of the cathedral, before the altar, (and will remain there) for the rest of the Joan of Arc festivities, Father Girault cannot say enough about the diligence and efficiency of the city workers who installed the painting.
A photo of the canvas appears on the program for the 575th festivities, and a detail of the saint's portrait illustrates the program of the Mass of the 2nd of May.
With the rediscovery of this canvas, which reflects the tapestries of the past, the Church thus establishes an event. The work must not have been brought out since 1940 when, according to tradition, it would have been exhibited on the cathedral's exterior, next to another painting of the Archangel Michael.
The 'exhumed' canvas represents a Joan in some nebulous place, carrying her standard and looking very determined.
Another treasure discovered in the diocese's heritage and which the people of Orleans will be able to admire for this 575th anniversary of the festivities: one dozen banners, the majority of which are embroidered in golden thread, representing Saint Catherine, Saint Margaret and, of course, Joan of Arc. The oldest dates back to 1855. There is also the authentic banner (1) of Joan of Arc, which for a long time has been used during the festivities honing her.
These banners will also be presented in the Holy Cross cathedral after having been displayed in Our Lady of Miracles for the Mass of this Sunday, May 2nd, which was the site of the first celebrations of the festivities honoring Saint Joan...
Thanks to Virginia Frohick and the Joan of Arc Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
If you are interested in theis great Saint, I enjoin the reader to visit the Joan of Arc Center online for a lot to see and do.
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Virginia.
Note: The banner being spoken about in the article is NOT Joan's actually battle standard - this was burned during the French Revolution - but was a modern creation utilized during the city's Saint Joan celebrations. 2001 was the last time this banner was used. Virginia Frohlick
The Chicago-based Thomas More Society filed civil Hate Crime charges in an Amended Complaint against an abortion clinic proprietor and ally in federal district court in Rockford, Illinois as part of an ongoing court battle. more...
Please note the launguage in this film is violently profane. I show this only so one may see the face of the opposition. Do not watch this if you have sesitivity.
Mama would be proud.
Here is a wager, the Court in Rockford, Illinois finds for the defendent. No one should ever ask my why I left Chicago at 17.
Dieu le Roy!
...Three years after the election of Father Goschwin Nickel as Superior General a Portuguese Jesuit, Father Antonio Macedo, was instrumental in the conversion of Queen Christina of Sweden, who when a child had succeeded her father Gustavus Adolphus.
Father Macedo, a former missionary in Africa, was attached by John IV. of Portugal to the Portuguese embassy at Stockholm. Although he was obliged to conceal his priesthood under the employment of secretary, his real calling became known to the queen, whose mind had been favourably inclined towards the true faith by her intercourse with the famous philosopher, Descartes, a pupil of the Jesuits of La Fleche. After several conferences with Father Macedo she declared her intention to abdicate the throne, and to become a Catholic, a resolve which she executed some months later.
In spite of her violent passions and wayward undisciplined character, Christina appears to have been sincere in this the great act of her life; and through all the vicissitudes of her strange career she remained stanch to the Catholic faith. Out of gratitude to her Jesuit instructor, she besought the Pope to make him a cardinal—a dignity that Father Macedo constantly declined, and to the end of his life his favourite occupation was teaching the poor children of Lisbon, where he died in 1693...
Christina Vasa is the epitome of Moral Courage, the ability to act rightly in the face of popular opposition, shame, scandal, or discouragement.
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Joseph at Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit.
Dieu le Roy,
The link to Kristina Vasa is in Swedish.
...I am officially into my second trimester today! YAY!!!! 3 months down, 6 months to go before we meet Lumpkin!According to the pregnancy website, this week's big developments are that the baby can now squint, frown, grimace, pee, and possibly suck his/her thumb. He/She has brain impulses that are making his/her face muscles get a workout and he is making little faces... His kidneys are supposed to be working now and he or she might be sucking his/her thumb. The baby probably measures 3 1/2 inches and probably weighs 1 1/2 ounces according to the website. I looked at the "what your baby looks like" development chart,and Lumpkin probably already looks like his/her mommy or daddy. I am definitely into maternity clothes, and David is getting more excited now that I'm looking more pregnant. I keep asking him if I look fat and he says, "No, you look pregnant!" So far coffee smells terrible to me even though I have been getting sick less. I have noticed that I'm not as patient as I could be, and am a little more moody than seems rational. David has been really understanding and has been very patient with me. Poor Guy! I know he is going to be a good daddy and that he's going to be a great coach in the delivery room!...
In a related story, we all may remember this photo, of an unborn gripping the doctors hand during an operation(1)...That baby, Samuel Alexander Armas, was born on December 2, 1999.
Here is what he looks like today...
Samuel's mother chose Life...
May is the month of the Virgin Mary, who is the example of all mothers, every where...
Dieu le Roy.
(1). The pro-abortion side has done their best to portray this as simply a reflex by the unborn baby and not the baby reaching out of the womb to take the doctors hand. My opinioon is this, this baby held the hand of the doctor, reflexive or not, it was the functioning brain of a baby, who made this happen. Life exists in the womb.
Have a history teacher explain this----- if they can.
Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress in 1846.
John F. Kennedy was elected to Congress in 1946.
Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860.
John F. Kennedy was elected President in 1960.
Both were particularly concerned with civil rights.
Both wives lost their children while living in the White House.
Both Presidents were shot on a Friday.
Both Presidents were shot in the head
Now it gets really weird.
Lincoln 's secretary was named Kennedy.
Kennedy's Secretary was named Lincoln .
Both were assassinated by Southerners.
Both were succeeded by Southerners named Johnson.
Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln, was born in 1808.
Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded Kennedy, was born in 1908.
John Wilkes Booth, who assassinated Lincoln, was born in 1839.
Lee Harvey Oswald, who assassinated Kennedy, was born in 1939.
Both assassins were known by their three names.
Both names are composed of fifteen letters.
Now hang on to your seat.
Lincoln was shot at the theater named 'Ford'.
Kennedy was shot in a car called ' Lincoln ' made by 'Ford'.
Lincoln was shot in a theater and his assassin ran and hid in a warehouse.
Kennedy was shot from a warehouse and his assassin ran and hid in a theater.
Booth and Oswald were assassinated before their trials.
The key to these mysteries may be found here...
I was born on Sept 8 1955, my first name is Richard.
Richard the Lion Hearted was born on Sept 8 1155. 800 years apart!
I am of French ancestry.
He was of French Ancestry.
He went to Jerusalem as part of the military.
I went to Jerusalem as part of the military.
He landed in Acre
I landed in Haifa the modern name for Acre.
My last name means green wood.
King Richard was killed by an arrow, made of... wood.
His body is buried in Anjou, France.
I sent my daughter to Anjou to study French.
My wife was born in Florida, once a part of Spain,
His Wife was born in Navarre, now a part of Spain.
My mothers name starts with an E, Eugenie.
His mothers name started with an E, Eleanor.
He was a King,
I think I am a King.
Dieu le Roy!
his biography may be pursued in Wikipedia more...
A Masonic tribute to him may be seen at Mount Vernon.
Dieu Le Roy!
Pope Benedict XVI has apparently driven Carla Bruni, First Lady of France, out of the Catholic Church on account of his opposition to the use of condoms in Africa.
"I was born Catholic," said Bruni, "I was baptised, but in my life I feel profoundly secular. I find that the controversy coming from the Pope's message - albeit distorted by the media - is very damaging."
Even from a secular viewpoint, if we did not have the wise words of Carla Bruni to guide us we might have lent credence to the Catholic abstinence campaign in Uganda which reduced the 18 per cent HIV infection rate among adults in 1992 to 5 per cent in 2007. Without Bruni, we might be tempted to listen to uninformed commentators such as the director of the AIDS Prevention Center at the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies who said: "The best evidence we have supports the Pope's comments."
So, can the Catholic Church survive such a defection? The loss of Madame la Guillotine, or whatever the ceremonial designation of the First Lady of France may be in the post-Bourbon era of republican buffoonery, will surely be felt hard in Rome. There will be lights burning late in the Vatican Secretariat of State, as the most astute minds in the Papal diplomatic corps try to devise means of mitigating the effects of this blow. more...
Carla Bruni in a prayerful moment...
Madame Sarkozy, there is an afterlife. Dum excusare credis, accusas, per extra ecclesiam nulla salus.
Dieu le Roy!
Robert Banaugh who has contributed often to this blog, introduced me today to this Wall Street Journal article about the event after a few days of consideration.
...Seldom does dawn rise on an America where the morning's New York Times displays a more intuitive grasp of a story than the New York Post. The coverage of Barack Obama's commencement address at Notre Dame, however, was such a day. Where the Post headlined an inside spread with "Obama In the Lions' Den," the Times front page was dominated by a color photograph of a beaming president, resplendent in his blue-and-gold Notre Dame academic gown, reaching out to graduates eager to shake his hand or just touch his robe.
It was precisely the message President Obama wanted to send: How bad can he be on abortion if Notre Dame is willing to honor him?.. more...
We as Catholics have become moral cowards.
Now maybe some will see why I call him an antichrist.
Dieu le Roy.
The main square- now they are down to forty people who demonstrate every month outside the Linz General Hospital where abortions take place. On the same site, compulsory abortions were carried out in Nazi times.
This photo was taken in 1971, I was a sophomore in High School. The abortion debate was just heating up and my fellow students were of three opinions, 1. I don't care.
2. What is abortion? and 3. ERA and abortion right's. Humanae Vitae was only 3 years old. There were no televised debates, however the Pro-abort knew that no legislature would ever pass a law permitting abortion in 1971. They schemed to have it enacted by finding a liberal Justice, who agreed with the lawyers representing "Roe" that there was a "right" under the 4th amendment to the Constitution. So by a majority of Supreme Court Justices a woman's "right" to kill her baby was placed into law by the Supreme Court. The decision was 5 votes for and 4 votes against. Isn't democracy great.
Since that time the courts, high and low, have written law while seated on the bench. No longer do they interpret the law, their hubris demands that they right every perceived injustice, whether it is law or not. The point is no one really cares about the unborn.
Case in point: The above photo shows an anti-abortion protest in Linz, (the childhood home of Adolph Hitler). Thousands of protesters are there. Today only an handful come to protest once a month. So I am back to reason #1 from my high school days. No one cares...
Dieu le Roy.
The photo was borrowed from Catholic Church Conservation blog. Catholic Church Conservation has many articles on places of worship and the church in Austria. It is written in English but many of the articels it links to are in German.
Today I take a minute to redirect the reader to to Elena-Maria's blog the oft mentioned Tea at Trianon and to Catherine Delors work Versailles and More. Both of these women have writen articles which compliment each other, (they often do, it is uncanny) today these are on weddings in the 18th century and one in particular. I have learned the hard way not to dispute anything they write on subects distaff. I just link....
...He had not seen her for more than a total of six hours, but he promised to be faithful to her until death, and she promised the same to him...
~from Trianon by Elena Maria Vidal
On Wednesday, the l6th of May, at nine o'clock, Marie Antoinette left La Muette for Versailles, where her toilette was to take place. The king and the dauphin had preceded her the evening before. When she arrived at the chateau, the king received her on the ground-floor, discoursed for some time with her, and presented to her Madame Elisabeth, the Comtesse de Clermont, and the Princesse de Conti. At one o'clock she went to the apartment of the king, whence the cortege started for the chapel.
The dauphin and the dauphiness, followed by the old monarch, advanced toward the altar and knelt on a cushion placed on the steps of the sanctuary. The archbishop of Rheims, Monseigneur de la Roche-Aymon, grand almoner, offered them the holy water, then after having exhorted the young couple, blessed the thirteen pieces of gold and the ring. The dauphin took the ring and placed it on the fourth ringer of the dauphiness, and gave her the gold-pieces. The archbishop pronounced the nuptial benediction, and as soon as the king had returned to his prie-Dieu, opened the mass. The royal choir sang a motet by the Abbe de Ganzargue; after the offertory the dauphin and dauphiness went to make their offering. At the Pater a canopy of silver brocade was spread above their heads, — the bishop of Senlis, Monseigneur de Roquelaure, grand almoner to the king, holding it on the side of the dauphin, and the bishop of Chartres, grand almoner to the dauphiness, holding it on the side of that princess. More
Catherine Delors writes that the fashion of the day was far different than today.
The Marquise de La Tour du Pin recalls in her Memoirs her wedding day...
Let us not forget the bride’s attire. It was very simple. I had a dress of white crepe adorned with a handsome trim of Brussels lace and dangling barbes – one did not wear any bonnet or veil then – a bouquet of orange blossoms on my head and one to my side. For the dinner I put on a white toque, adorned with white feathers, to which I had affixed a bouquet of orange blossoms. more...
I remember when my youngest daughter Genevieve was preparing for her wedding day, as many fathers I just paid the bill and let my wife, and daughter alone...
Thanks and a Tip of the beret to Mesdames Vidal and Delors.
Catherine Delors is the Authoress of Mistress of the Revolution.
Dieu le Roy.
Feeling supremely confident Saladin split his forces to take Ascalon and the supposedly defenseless Holy City of Jerusalem. However, Baldwin summoned the Templars who joined him in defeating the troops at Ascalon and then rushing to overtake Saladin at Ramleh. The Christian knights were vastly outnumbered but were devoted to their young monarch who, despite his disease, led from the front and they were encouraged by their faith with the Bishop of Bethlehem on hand with the relic of the True Cross.more
Thanks and a tip of the beret to the Mad Monachist, who ain't so mad. SAR Louis XX is the current uncrowned King of Jerusalem.
Dieu Le Roy!
Father Norman Weslin is a missionary priest of the Oblates of Wisdom. He was ordained in 1986 by Juan Fremiot Torres, his incardinating Bishop of Ponce, Puerto Rico. His superior is Monsignor John F. McCarthy, who served on the Roman Curia at the Vatican in Rome.
Prior to ordination, Norman Weslin served as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Army and retired after twenty years of active military service. He was a paratrooper, commander and chief of a war plans division on the General Staff. He was the Operations Officer responsible for the Army nuclear-tipped missile defense of New York City, Chicago and South Korea.
While in the Army, Norman Weslin married. He and his wife Mary adopted two children. He currently has two grandchildren and one great grandchild. He and his wife became involved in the pro-life movement early in their marriage, and they started Birthrights, Life Support Centers, and political action committees in an effort to stop the killing of Jesus' babies. In 1980 Mary died in a tragic automobile accident. Norman then decided to convert his home to "The Mary Weslin Homes for Pregnant, Unwed Mothers." Since then, over 300 mothers have lived in his Homes. Many of these mothers were reconciled with their families before giving birth to their babies. 226 babies were born directly through the Homes in the hospital - under doctors' care.
After his wife's death Norman decided to join the priesthood and became a missionary priest. One of his experiences in the priesthood was to work with Mother Teresa for a nine-month learning experience counseling alcoholics and drug addicts in the slums of New York. Father had been an alcoholic for twenty years prior to this assignment, but he has been recovered for more than thirty years now.
Father Norman has been faithful in fighting abortion his entire adult life. After twelve years of picketing killing centers and sidewalk counseling, Father realized that we could not stop satan's multi-billion dollar child-killing industry by ourselves - but that Jesus could and would if we made the sacrifice of confronting satan directly at the killing centers.
Father has been to prison 70 to 80 times as a result of peaceful, non-violent efforts to place his body between the killer and Jesus' babies. His last jail term was a five-month sentence in Federal Prison.
Father Norman has faced four federal charges for praying on his knees on a public sidewalk in front of a Planned Parenthood killing center. He is committed to stopping satan from killing Jesus Christ's babies while they are still helpless in their mothers' wombs. from "the Lambs of Christ website..
Some will find my writing harsh. Call it rage. I find it hard to believe that Notre Dame University would invite a person who is more virulently opposed to Catholic teaching than President Obama. The administration claims it wishes to open the door to dialogue. How shallow these words are, when we are witness to one Catholic priest having another Catholic priest arrested. Where is the dialogue.
Dieu le Roy.
... Then he saith to them: My soul is sorrowful even unto death: stay you here, and watch with me. And going a little further, he fell upon his face, praying, and saying: My Father, if it be possible, let this chalice pass from me. Nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt... Matt. 26: 38-39
From an British Catholic point of view, go here...
Dieu le Roy!