...After the king had taken the cross his example was followed by his three brothers, Robert, Comte d'Artois, Alfonse, Comte de Poiters, and Charles, Comte d'Anjou, who later became the King of Sicily. To these we must add Huges, Duc de Bourgogne, and Guillaume, Comte de Flandre, the brother of the late deceased Comte Guy de Flandre, the good Comte Hugues de Saint-Pol and his nephew Gautier. The last named bore himself gallantly oversea, and would have proved his worth still more if he had lived longer.
I must also include among those who took the cross the Comte de la Marche and his son Hugues le Brun, as well as two cousins of mine, the Comte de Sarrebruck and his brother Gobert d'Apremont. In virtue of our relationship, I, Jean, Sieur de Joinville (1), later made the voyage over sea in their company, in a ship we hired together. At that time we made up a party of twenty knights, nine of whom were the Comte de Sarrebruck's men and nine belonged to me...
Montjoy et St Denis!
References and links: Jean de Joinville en français seul.
Note: (1) the translated manuscript reads Lord, I have changed it to the French Sieur because it is more in keeping with the other titles. It sounds better.
In our day and age, the deification of desire still occurs. Jesus tells us, “Where your treasure is, there will be your heart also.” (Luke 12:34). Many people are still willing to practice idolatry by the attention and craving for money, power and sex. The use of terminology such as ‘sex god’ is typically characteristic of how this process can occur. When a sin overwhelms us it can be exalted in the time and energy we use to give it praise. more...
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Robert Colquhoun at Love Undefiled blog.
Dieu le Roy!
In August 1792, Louis XVI, Marie-Antoinette, their children, and Louis' sister Madame Elisabeth were incarcerated in the Temple Prison. Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte later described their experiences in her Memoirs:
The following is the way our family passed their days. more
Dieu le Roy!
Auntie Joanna ambushed - comes out fighting
It might seem that when ambushed, you should run for cover, conceal yourself, get out of danger. McAleese's "Fighting Manual" realistically points out that when the enemy has put out a deliberate ambush, he has chosen the ground and set up his weapons. You don't have the luxury of choosing cover. As he says, the only realistic response is to come out fighting with aggression and determination:more and a video here...
Jesus, Mary and Joseph,
Catherine Delors (France) at Versailles and More
Elena-Maria Vidal (United States) at Tea at Trianon
Mickaelus (France) at Le trône et l'autel
Suzanne Reny, (Canada), Une Monarchiste Quebecois.
Dieu Sauve le Roy!
...I have just recorded it happened by God's will, that King Louis, who was then in Paris, was taken very seriously ill, and came so near dying that one of the two ladies who were tending him wanted to draw the sheet over his face, maintaining that he was dead. But another lady, who was on the opposite side of the bed, would not allow it, and said she was sure his soul was still in his body...
...As the king lay listening to the dispute between the two ladies our Lord worked within him, and quickly brought him back to such a state of health that although up till then he had not been able to utter a word he now recoverd his speech. And soon as he was able to speak he asked for the cross to be given him; and this was promptly done. When the queen mother heard that the power of speech had come back to him she was as full of joy as it is possible to be. But in learning he had taken the cross--which she heard from his own lips-- she mourned as much as if she had seen him lying dead...
Tomorrow the list of nobles who took up the Cross due to the kings example.
Because I know who reads this blog in Washington I post this, attention...
Nancy Pelosi et al please be so kind as to read your consitution, specifcally,The Constitution of the United States, Article I, Section 9, paragraph 3 which provides that:
"No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law will be passed."
"The Bill of Attainder Clause was intended not as a narrow, technical (and therefore soon to be outmoded) prohibition, but rather as an implementation of the separation of powers, a general safeguard against legislative exercise of the judicial function or more simply - trial by legislature." U.S. v. Brown, 381 U.S. 437, 440 (1965).
"These clauses of the Constitution are not of the broad, general nature of the Due Process Clause, but refer to rather precise legal terms which had a meaning under English law at the time the Constitution was adopted. A bill of attainder was a legislative act that singled out one or more persons and imposed punishment on them, without benefit of trial. Such actions were regarded as odious by the framers of the Constitution because it was the traditional role of a court, judging an individual case, to impose punishment." William H. Rehnquist, The Supreme Court, page 166. (I think he still sits on the Court.)
"Bills of attainder, ex post facto laws, and laws impairing the obligations of contracts, are contrary to the first principles of the social compact, and to every principle of sound legislation. ... The sober people of America are weary of the fluctuating policy which has directed the public councils. They have seen with regret and indignation that sudden changes and legislative interferences, in cases affecting personal rights, become jobs in the hands of enterprising and influential speculators, and snares to the more-industrious and less-informed part of the community." James Madison, Federalist Number 44, 1788.
If this were to pass the Senate, and the President signs it, then the President and Senate will be in violation of their oath.
Dieu le Roy!
1. If congress can tax these bonuses what makes it impossible for them to tax us at 90%.
2. This is a distraction from the real banditos, Congress and in particular, Chris Dodd,(who took the largest campaign donation to any politician from AIG)who wrote the bill he never read, then lied and said he didn't put the words in about bonuses,
and had to retract that statement. Dodd's Steve Urkel explaination "Did I do that" ain't cutting it.
3. Why don't we ask the congress to tax themselves for their bonus this year, which, like the bailout went into effect at night in the dark, when no one was watching.
4. This shows now that the Congress of the United States can not, will not, honor a contract even if they wrote it.
5. Liddy who is getting only a dollar a year for his work at AIG should resign saying, "I quit, take this job and shove it. You put me in this job, with everything that was in the bill and now those of you who wrote it and voted for it are now in hypocritical indignation at me?"
6. And lastly, being a Duke fan, father-in-law of a Duke graduate, and resident of North Carolina, by not picking Duke in the final four the president once again show his lack of foresight. In his statement Duke Coach Mike Krzyzewski said, "The economy is something that he should focus on, probably more than the brackets."
I seem to remeber Clinton saying "It's the economy stupid..."
House to vote on 90 percent tax for AIG bonuses...
AP… WASHINGTON – The House is scheduled to vote today on a bill that would levy a 90 percent tax on bonuses paid to employees with family incomes above $250,000 at companies that have received at least $5 billion in government bailout money.
"We figured that the local and state governments would take care of the other 10 percent," said Rep. Charles Rangel of New York, chairman of the tax-writing House Ways and Means Committee.
Rangel said the bill would apply to mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, among others, while excluding community banks and other smaller companies that have received less bailout money.
House Democratic leaders unveiled the bill as the head of embattled American International Group Inc., which has received $182 billion in bailout money, testified about $165 million in bonuses paid out in the past week to about 400 employees in its Financial Products unit.
Edward Liddy, who was brought in last year by the government to run AIG, told a House subcommittee Wednesday that the company was contractually obligated to pay the bonuses but that some of the recipients have begun returning all or part of them.
Liddy said that on Tuesday, he had "asked those who have received retention payments in excess of $100,000 or more to return at least half of those payments." Some have "already stepped forward and returned 100 percent," he added.
Lawmakers rushed to the microphones after word of the bonuses was leaked out by the government over the weekend. Bills were quickly drawn up in both the House and Senate to impose heavy new taxes on them.
The top two members of the Senate Finance Committee on Tuesday announced a bill that would impose a 35 percent excise tax on the companies paying the bonuses and a 35 percent excise tax on the employees receiving them. The taxes would apply to all companies receiving government bailout money, but they are clearly geared toward AIG.
President Barack Obama, who took office just under two months ago, told reporters Wednesday that his administration was not responsible for a lack of federal supervision of AIG that preceded the company's demise.
But Obama added, "The buck stops with me."
Obama said his administration was consulting with Congress on creating a new "resolution authority" to seize giant institutions like AIG — including all their toxic assets — whose collapse in normal bankruptcy could cause calamity in the financial markets.
Republicans have pointed their criticism at Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, questioning how much he know about the bonuses in advance and efforts by the administration to stop them. And they complained anew about being locked out of discussions earlier this year when Democrats decided to jettison a provision in the economic stimulus bill that would have revoked the payments.
"The fact is that the bill the president signed, which protected the AIG bonuses and others, was written behind closed doors by Democratic leaders of the House and Senate. There was no transparency," said Sen. Charles Grassley of Iowa, the senior Republican on the Senate Finance Committee.
Please take advantage of Saint Joseph's great intercessory power to ask for graces on his feast day.
Yes, ask, ask and ask. Do not be shy in asking. For example, Saint Teresa of Avila said this about devotion to Saint Joseph:
"I wish I could persuade everyone to be devoted to this glorious saint, for I have great experience of the blessings which he can obtain from God. I have never known anyone to be truly devoted to him and render him particular services that did not notably advance in virtue, for he gives very real help to souls who commend themselves to him. For some years now, I think, I have made some request of him every year on his festival and I have always had it granted. If my petition is in any way ill directed, he directs it aright for my greater good."
So, if you need a very special grace, I hope you will pray to Saint Joseph.
On my end, I'll be praying with you, asking Saint Joseph to hear your prayer and answer your plea with an abundant response.
Prayer to Saint Joseph
O thou, whom no one has ever yet invoked in vain, thou, whose power with Our Lord and Our Lady is so great, that it has been truly said, "In Heaven, Joseph commands rather than supplicates," tender father, intercede for me!
St. Joseph, be my advocate with thy Divine Son, Whose foster-father and faithful protector thou wert here below. Add to all thy glories, that of gaining the despaired of cause that I confide to thee. I believe, yes, I believe thou canst obtain my deliverance from the troubles that overwhelm me, and the desolation in which my soul is plunged. I have the firm hope that thou wilt neglect nothing in favor of the afflicted who invoke thee.
Humbly prostrate at thy feet, dear St. Joseph, I implore thee to have pity on my tears, cover me with the mantle of thy merciful protection and bless me. Amen.
From America Needs Fatima
Jesus, Mary and Joseph.
Thursday, March 19, 2009
From the main German TV station, ZDF
Discussion of condom-criticism of the pope continues
The discussion about the condom's criticism of the pope does not stop. Politicians, and AIDS activists plaguing Benedict's remarks - but also a German Bishop saw reason to be stressed: "The church is not in a dark anti-condom-corner."
In an article for the weekly newspaper Die Zeit in Hamburg the Catholic Bishop Hans-Jochen Jaschke warns against making a taboo from condoms. At the same time he warned of their over-estimation. "The church is not in a dark anti-condom-corner from which they want to intimidate people," he wrote in the guest article.
Benedict XVI on Tuesday at the start of his Africa trip said that the AIDS epidemic cannot be overcome by the distribution of condoms which only magnified the problems. 67 percent of HIV-infected people in the world live in Africa. 17 million people on the continent have already died of AIDS.
"Condoms do not solve the problem '
Jaschke defended the position of the Catholic Church onn AIDS: they follow a holistic approach of awareness, prevention and assistance for the sick. Human sexuality requires responsibility for themselves and others. At the same time, the bishop does not reject the use of condoms"Anyone who has AIDS and sexually active, who seeks ever-changing partners, must protect others and themselves." he writes. If a husband sick with AIDS has sex with his wife, " protection is required."
At the same time, the bishop warned against "myths and trivialisation". The distribution of condoms could not solve the problem. Men often rejected from their use. Ignorance, lack of hygiene, and inhumane living conditions created a dangerous breeding ground for the spread of AIDS. Jaschke also referred to the global commitment of the Church against AIDS. Half the institutions in the fight against AIDS globally were church organisations, one quarter being Catholic organisations.
The SPD federal ministers, Ulla Schmidt and Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul, spoke against the pope, without mentioning him explicitly. "Modern development cooperation must give the poorest of the poor access to family planning. And in particular, the use of condoms. Anything else would be irresponsible," they made a joint declaration in Berlin. In addition tcondoms played a crucial role in the fight against the immune deficiency disease AIDS.
Sharp criticism came from the health policy spokesman of the SPD, Wolfgang Wodarg, and the German AIDS-Hilfe. Wodarg said, by "his reckless speech displaying ideological hostility to the world, the Pope places a heavy guilt upon himself. He endangers human life and devaluea responsible prevention work of many non-governmental organizations, governments and international education programs."
AIDS-Hilfe said that given the millions suffering from HIV and AIDS in Africa, the categorical rejection of the condom by the Vatican is "cynical and devalues humanity". Further a spokesman said: "The Pope not only sins against Catholics but the whole of humanity."
"Pope has not strictly forbidden condoms "
The head of the German Section of Vatican Radio in Rome, Father Eberhard von Gemmingen, defended the church leader. "Pope Benedict XVI has not strictly forbidden condoms, as is shown," he told Deutsche Welle. "The Pope has just said that the condom is not a 'solution'. That's one thing I hope we all agree," said the Father. The solution lies in overcoming poverty.
This German Bishop is clearly in opposition with the Church, another Luther.
For a 13 minute video on Humanae Vitae and what it really says go here... Somebody send this to Bishop Hans-Jochen Jaschke and Father Eberhard von Gemmingen.
Pray for Us O Holy Mother of God...
Notre-Dame de Lourdes, priez pour nous!
Holy O Bernadette, Simple and pure child, eighteen times, at Lourdes you have contemplated the beauty and received the confidences of the Immaculate, who wished that you next hide in the Cloister of Nevers, consume the Host for sinners. Obtain for us this purity of spirit, of simplicity and of mortification that will place us also in the vision of God and of Mary in heaven. Amen.
Or Lady of Lourdes, Pray for us
...In dealing with each day's business, the King's usual plan was to send for Jean de Nesles, the good Comte de Soissons, and the rest of us, as soon as we had heard mass, and tell us to go to and hear the pleadings at the gate of the city which is now called the Gate of Requests...
...After he had returned from church the king would send for us, and sitting at the foot of his bed would make us all sit round him, and ask us if, there were any cases that could not be settled except by his personal intervention. After we had told him what they were, he would send for the interested parties and ask them: 'Why did you not accept what our people offer?''Your majesty,' they would reply, 'because they offer us too little.' then he would say: 'You would do well to accept whatever they are willing to give you.' Our saintly king would then do his utmost to bring them round to a right and reasonable way of thinking....
...I have sometimes seen him, in summer, go to administer justice to his people in the public gardens in Paris, dressed in a plain woolen tunic, a sleeveless surcoat of linsey-woolsey, and a black taffeta cape round his shoulders, with his hair neatly combed, but with no cap to cover it, and only a hat of white peacock feathers on his head. He would have a carpet laid down so that we might sit round him, while all those who had any case to bring before him stood round about. then he would pass judgement on each case, as I have told you he often used to do in the wood of Vincennes...
Thanks to Anabel at Trianon de la Reina, who posts from her home in La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her article on Rose is here. Her blog is written in Spanish.
"A fake war being stirred up by the Vatican...”
Sr. Sandra M. Schneiders, a sister of the Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and faculty member at the Jesuit School of Theology in Berkeley, has called on her fellow nuns to give a cold shoulder to visitors from the Vatican conducting a study of U.S. women’s religious orders, calling those carrying out the visitations “uninvited guests who should be received in the parlor, not given the run of the house.”
On Jan. 30, the Vatican announced it was launching a series of on-site visits to “look into the quality of life” of women’s religious communities in the U.S. Altogether, about 400 such visits are planned, the first scheduled in Los Angeles on June 2.
In a private email message to “colleagues and friends” obtained by the National Catholic Reporter and later published with Sr. Schneiders’ permission, the professor of New Testament Studies and Christian Spirituality at the Jesuit School of Theology says, “I do not put any credence at all in the claim that this is friendly, transparent, aimed to be helpful, etc. It is a hostile move and the conclusions are already in. It is meant to be intimidating.”
Sr. Schneiders says in the email message published by NCR that the visitations are not a study but an investigation. “We cannot, of course, keep them from investigating,” she wrote. “But we can receive them, politely and kindly, for what they are, uninvited guests who should be received in the parlor, not given the run of the house. When people ask questions they shouldn't ask, the questions should be answered accordingly. I just hope we will not, as we American Religious so often do, think that by total ‘openness’ and efforts to ‘dialogue’ we are going to bring about mutual understanding and acceptance. This is not mutual and it is not a dialogue. The investigators are not coming to understand -- believe me, we found that out in the seminary investigation. So let's be honest but reserved, supply no ammunition that can be aimed at us, be non-violent even in the face of violence, but not be naive.”
Sr. Schneiders called the visitations “a fake war being stirred up by the Vatican at the instigation of the frightened” and advised her colleagues against getting involved in it. “Also, what is the worst thing that can happen from this investigation?” she asked. “They are surely not going to shut down 95% of the Religious Congregations in this country, even if they'd like to, any more than they closed all the seminaries that were not teaching 19th century moral theology or buying the official line that the clergy sex abuse scandal was caused, not by corrupt bishops protecting pedophile priests, but by homosexuals in seminaries.”
In an interview with the Catholic News Agency, Sr. Eva-Maria Ackerman, a Franciscan Martyr of St. George religious who is helping conduct the visitations, said that Mother Clare Millea, who has been entrusted by the Vatican with carrying out the visits, has received a much warmer reception from U.S. women religious than that advised by Sr. Schneiders. “Mother Clare has been impressed with the number of requests that have been made already and she has received a great deal of good feedback about the approach she is taking in this first phase of soliciting voluntary input,” Sr. Ackerman told CNA.
Sr. Ackerman also told CNA that the visitations will be conducted without any foregone conclusions. “Mother Clare is open to the Spirit’s guidance through this whole process and is focusing on each phase of the visitation as it is scheduled,” said Sr. Ackerman. “She has not drawn any conclusions but rather is desirous of hearing about the reality of each congregation as it will be expressed by the superiors general in the first phase.”
...At another time King Louis asked me I washed the feet of the poor on Maundy Thursday. 'Your majesty,'I exclaimed, 'what a terrible idea! I will never wash the feet of such low fellows.' "Really,' said he, 'that is a very wrong thing to say; for you should never scorn to do what our Lord Himself did as an example for us. So I beg you, first for the love of God then for love of me, to accustom yourself to washing the feet of the poor...'
One of the benefits of an elected legislature means that they can steal your money through taxation. If the house of represtatives can enact legislation which can tax of a group of people to whom they gave our money they can tax you into poverty.
Senator Charles Schumer ask Senator Chris Dodd why he wrote the bonus deal into the law that was enacted before anybody (or he) read it. Both Schumer and Dodd are acting like that provision is news to them.
Although the President continues to say he inherited the resession, that is not true. He asked for it, through two years of campaign while senators and represetatives from his party helped it along.
Cuomo subpoenaed information from AIG on Monday saying he wanted to determine whether the payments constitute fraud under state law.
President Barack Obama and Washington lawmakers have blasted AIG for paying $160 million in bonuses to employees of the unit primarily responsible for the company's meltdown at the same time it has received federal assistance.
Cuomo says contracts written in March 2008 guaranteed employees 100 percent of their 2007 pay for 2008, regardless of their performance.
The bonuses would amount to about 1/2 of 1% of the money stolen from the American people for the TARP bailout.
Another crisis brought to you by the democratic party.
In a non-related note: Nancy Pelosi the Speaker of the House wants a new Boeing 757-300 aircraft to fly to San Francisco, and back without needing to refuel. The cost in 2002 for a new Boeing 757-300 was $80 millions. There was no apparent comment by Andrew Coumo, Barney Frank or Chris Dodd.
Dieu le Roy,
"It became apparent during our discussion today that the President intends to move forward with this unreasonable plan," said Commander David K. Rehbein of The American Legion. "He says he is looking to generate $540-million by this method, but refused to hear arguments about the moral and government-avowed obligations that would be compromised by it."
The Commander, clearly angered as he emerged from the session said, "This reimbursement plan would be inconsistent with the mandate ' to care for him who shall have borne the battle' given that the United States government sent members of the armed forces into harm's way, and not private insurance companies. I say again that The American Legion does not and will not support any plan that seeks to bill a veteran for treatment of a service connected disability at the very agency that was created to treat the unique need of America's veterans!"
Commander Rehbein was among a group of senior officials from veterans service organizations joining the President, White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emmanuel, Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric Shinseki and Steven Kosiak, the overseer of defense spending at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The group's early afternoon conversation at The White House was precipitated by a letter of protest presented to the President earlier this month. The letter, co-signed by Commander Rehbein and the heads of ten colleague organizations, read, in part, " There is simply no logical explanation for billing a veteran's personal insurance for care that the VA has a responsibility to provide. While we understand the fiscal difficulties this country faces right now, placing the burden of those fiscal problems on the men and women who have already sacrificed a great deal for this country is unconscionable."
Commander Rehbein reiterated points made last week in testimony to both House and Senate Veterans' Affairs Committees. It was stated then that The American Legion believes that the reimbursement plan would be inconsistent with the mandate that VA treat service-connected injuries and disabilities given that the United States government sends members of the armed forces into harm's way, and not private insurance companies. The proposed requirement for these companies to reimburse the VA would not only be unfair, says the Legion, but would have an adverse impact on service-connected disabled veterans and their families. The Legion argues that, depending on the severity of the medical conditions involved, maximum insurance coverage limits could be reached through treatment of the veteran's condition alone. That would leave the rest of the family without health care benefits. The Legion also points out that many health insurance companies require deductibles to be paid before any benefits are covered. Additionally, the Legion is concerned that private insurance premiums would be elevated to cover service-connected disabled veterans and their families, especially if the veterans are self-employed or employed in small businesses unable to negotiate more favorable across-the-board insurance policy pricing. The American Legion also believes that some employers, especially small businesses, would be reluctant to hire veterans with service-connected disabilities due to the negative impact their employment might have on obtaining and financing company health care benefits.
"I got the distinct impression that the only hope of this plan not being enacted," said Commander Rehbein, "is for an alternative plan to be developed that would generate the desired $540-million in revenue. The American Legion has long advocated for Medicare reimbursement to VA for the treatment of veterans. This, we believe, would more easily meet the President's financial goal. We will present that idea in an anticipated conference call with White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emmanuel in the near future.
"I only hope the administration will really listen to us then. This matter has far more serious ramifications than the President is imagining," concluded the Commander.
Russell Kirk (in A Reader of Conservative Thought) spells out six main features observed in reflective conservatism, since Burke wrote his Reflections on the Revolution in France at the end of the eighteenth century. Conservatism is essentially the negation of "isms" so Conservatives are not necessarily able to explain what they think and feel about life and politics. They are not ideologues; they just feel it in their gut.
Here are those six typical characteristics:
Sacred order. A sense that there are truths beyond us that bind us forever. Some things are always right and some wrong. Many call this the natural law.
Social continuity. The body politic of society is like a kind of secular church. People come, people go, but society, with all its accumulated experience lives on. Revolution, which hacks at the body politic, can end up draining the blood from its veins and diseasing society.
The wisdom of the ages. The individual may be foolish, but the species is wise. There is no point departing from established morals and ways of doing things. It would be a dangerous shot in the dark. The fact that some things have always been done a particular way is often a good argument to keep on doing them that way.
Prudence. For Plato, this is the most important virtue in a politician. That means leaders must take the long view and avoid populism. Also, because people and society are complex, solutions to their problems will rarely be simple or simplistic ones such as extremists often propose. Be careful and proceed slowly but deliberately, weighing up the lessons of history.
Love of variety. The conservative loves the multiplication of different groups, societies, orders, classes, organizations, each with its own traditions, customs and distinctive take on life. The conservative also loves natural inequality (which is not the same as injustice): some people are stronger than other others, some are cleverer than others, and so on. But that is the way it was meant to be. Equality can only be before God and before the law.
Imperfectibility. This life and the society which we inhabit, are bound to be imperfect. To suggest that we could make them flawless is a nonsense, since Adam and Eve took humanity down a different path. The rabid search for the perfect (by politicians) is the enemy of the good. Let saints seek it, by all means, and let all men find it in heaven.
Intrigued? Why not come and spend some time at Chavagnes this summer and we'll talk some more! As part of our effort to promote the knowledge and love of our great tradition of western thought, we're holding a Great Books Summer Programme at Chavagnes, France, this summer, led by Professor Anthony O'Hear of Buckingham University. He has published a book on The Great Books, just released by ISI. Professor O'Hear will be assisted by me, by my good friend Robert Asch (co-editor of StAR) and Denis Boyles a prolific American writer now resident in France, just down the road from our College. It's going to be a great 10-day cultural house party (with great French food and wine) that you'll remember for a life time. We're inviting Homer, Aeschylus, Virgil, Ovid, St Augustine, Dante, Shakespeare, Milton, Pascal, Racine and Goethe along too, so you'll be in good company. More information: www.thegreatbooks.chavagnes.info
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Carlos.
(+) St. Patrick's Day,
St. Patrick, Apostle to Ireland, bishop
Also known as Patricius Magonus Sucatus; Maewyn Succat; Patricius; Patrizio; Padrig
Died c. 461-464 at Saul, County Down, Ireland
Patronage: invoked against ophidiophobia, against snakes and snake bites.
In art, he is shown as a bishop driving snakes before him; bishop trampling on snakes; shamrock; snakes; cross; harp; demons; baptismal font Saint Patrick of Ireland B + (RM)
It is unclear exactly where Patricius Magonus Sucatus (Patrick) was born--somewhere in the west between the mouth of the Severn and the Clyde--but this most popular Irish saint was probably born in Scotland of British origin, perhaps in a village called Bannavem Taberniae. (Other possibilities are in Gaul
or at Kilpatrick near Dunbarton, Scotland.) His father, alpurnius, was a deacon and a civil official, and his grandfather was a priest.
About 405, when Patrick was in his teens (14-16), he was captured by Irish raiders and became a slave in Ireland. There in Ballymena (or Slemish) in Antrim
(or Mayo), Patrick first learned to pray intensely while tending his master's sheep. After six years, he was told in a dream that he should be ready for a courageous effort that would take him back to his homeland.
He ran away from his owner and travelled 200 miles to the coast. His initial request for free passage on a ship was turned down, but he prayed, and the sailors called him back. The ship on which he escaped was taking dogs to Gaul (France). At some point he returned to his family in Britain, then seems to have studied at the monastery of Lerins from 412 to 415.
He received some kind of training for the priesthood in either Britain or Gaul, possibly in Auxerre, including study of the Latin Bible, but his learning was not of a high standard, and he was to regret this always. He spent the next 15 years at Auxerre were he became a disciple of Saint Germanus of Auxerre and was
possibly ordained about 417.
It is said that in visions he heard voices in the wood of Focult (Focault) or that he dreamed of Ireland and determined to return to the land of his slavery as a missionary. In that dream or vision he heard a cry from many people together and he read a writing in which this cry was name 'the voice of the Irish.'
In his Confessio Patrick writes: "It was not my grace, but God who overcometh in me, so that I came to the heathen Irish to preach the Gospel . . . to a people newly come to belief which the Lord took from the ends of the earth." St. Germanus consecrated him bishop about 432, and sent him to Ireland to succeed Saint Palladius, the first bishop, who had died earlier that year.
There is no reliable account of his work in Ireland, where he had been a captive. Legends include the stories that he drove snakes from Ireland, and that he described the Trinity by referring to the shamrock, and that he singlehandedly--an impossible task--converted Ireland. Nevertheless, St. Patrick
established the Catholic Church throughout Ireland on lasting foundations: he travelled throughout the country preaching, teaching, building churches, opening schools and monasteries, converting chiefs and bards, and everywhere supporting his preaching with miracles.
At Tara in Meath he is said to have confronted King Laoghaire on Easter Eve with the Christian Gospel, kindled the light of the paschal fire on the hill of Slane, confounded the Druids into silence, and gained a hearing for himself as a man of power. He converted the king's daughters (a tale I've recounted under
their entry). He threw down the idol of Crom Cruach in Leitrim. Patrick wrote that he daily expected to be violently killed or enslaved again.
He gathered many followers, including Benignus, who would become his successor. That was one of his chief concerns, as it always is for the missionary Church: the raising up of native clergy.
He wrote: "It was most needful that we should spread our nets, so that a great multitude and a throng should be taken for God. . . Most needful that everywhere there should be clergy to baptize and exhort a people poor and needy, as the Lord in the Gospel warns and teaches, saying: Go ye therefore now, and
teach all nations. And again: Go ye therefore into the whole world and preach the Gospel to every creature. And again: This Gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a testimony to all nations."
There was some contact with the pope. He visited Rome in 442 and 444. As the first real organizer of the Irish Church, Patrick is called the Apostle of Ireland. According to the Annals of Ulster, the Cathedral Church of Armagh was founded in 444, and the see became a center of education and administration. Patrick organized the Church into territorial sees, raised the standard of
scholarship (encouraging the teaching of Latin), and worked to bring Ireland into a closer relationship with the Western Church.
His writings show what solid doctrine he must have taught his listeners. His "Confessio " (his autobiography, perhaps written as an apology against his detractors), the Lorica (or Breastplate), and the "Letter to the Soldiers of Coroticus," protesting British slave trading and the slaughter of a group of
Irish Christians by Coroticus's raiding Christian Welshmen, are the first surely identified literature of the British Church.
What stands out in his writings is Patrick's sense of being called by God to the work he had undertaken, and his determination and modesty in carrying it out: "I, Patrick, a sinner, am the most ignorant and of least account among the
faithful, despised by many. . . . I owe it to God's grace that so many people should through me be born again to him."
Towards the end of his life, Patrick made that 'retreat' of forty days on Cruachan Aigli in Mayo from which the age-long Croagh Patrick pilgrimage derives.
Patrick may have died at Saul on Strangford Lough, Downpatrick, where he had built his first church. Glastonbury claims his alleged relics (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Bieler, Bury, Delaney, Encyclopedia, MacNeill, White).
We are told that often Patrick baptized hundreds on a single day. He would come to a place, a crowd would gather, and when he told them about the true God, the people would cry out from all sides that they wanted to become Christians. Then
they would move to the nearest water to be baptized.
On such a day Aengus, a prince of Munster, was baptized. When Patrick had finished preaching, Aengus was longing with all his heart to become a Christian. The crowd surrounded the two because Aengus was such an important person. Patrick got out his book and began to look for the place of the baptismal rite
but his crozier got in the way.
As you know, the bishop's crozier often has a spike at the bottom end, probably to allow the bishop to set it into the ground to free his hands. So, when Patrick fumbled searching for the right spot in the book so that he could baptize Aengus, he absent-mindedly stuck his crosier into the ground just beside
him--and accidentally through the foot of poor Aengus!
Patrick, concentrating on the sacrament, never noticed what he had done and proceeded with the baptism. The prince never cried out, nor moaned; he simply went very white. Patrick poured water over his bowed head at the simple words of the rite. Then it was completed. Aengus was a Christian. Patrick turned to take up his crozier and was horrified to find that he had driven it through the prince's foot!
"But why didn't you say something? This is terrible. Your foot is bleeding and you'll be lame. . . ." Poor Patrick was very unhappy to have hurt another.
Then Aengus said in a low voice that he thought having a spike driven through his foot was part of the ceremony. He added something that must have brought joy to the whole court of heaven and blessings on Ireland:
"Christ," he said slowly, "shed His blood for me, and I am glad to suffer a little pain at baptism to be like Our Lord" (Curtayne).
In art, St. Patrick is represented as a bishop driving snakes before him or trampling upon them. At times he may be shown
(1) preaching with a serpent around the foot of his pastoral staff; (2) holding a shamrock;
( 3) with a fire before him; or
(4) with a pen and book, devils at his feet, and seraphim above
He is patron of Nigeria (which was evangelized primarily by
Irish clergy) and of Ireland and especially venerated at Lerins.
Medieval Saints at Yahoo Groups
Dieu le Roy!
...In the midst of attending to that affairs of his realm King Louis so arranged his day that he had time to hear the Hours sung by a full choir and a Requiem Mass without music. In addition, if it was convenient, he would hear low mass for the day, or high mass on Saints' days. Every day after dinner he rested on his bed, and when he had slept and was refreshed, he and one of his chaplains would say the Office for the dead privately in his room. Later in the day he attended Vespers, and compline at night...
Thanks to Catherine Delors link to this article. Very appropriate considering...I am sure that my petite Princesse will have enough people in the room un the day of her delivery.
My memory is not working so good today, but I seem to remember a granddaughter of Louis XIV laying-in during the summer, the windows all closed and the doctor prescribing a sheep to be slaughtered in her presence, skinned, and the skin placed on her. I am sure that relieved the pain...
Dieu Le Roy!
Elena-Maria posted today this missive 0n the flight to Varennes. Orchestrated by Count Von Fersen and the Baron Breteuil, the Royal family escaped from Tuilleries in the company of Madame Elizabeth and Marquise de Tourzel. This escape that suffered almost from the beginning from wrong turns, relief horses not ready, escorts going astray, and the mistake of a supporter of the King calling him "Sire", all of which conspired to return the King and royal family back into the hands of their enemies.
I am your King; this is the Queen and the royal family. Surrounded in the capital by daggers and bayonets, I have come to the country, into the midst of my faithful subjects, to seek the peace and liberty you all enjoy. I could not stay in Paris; it would have been death to myself and my family. I have come to live among you my children, whom I will not forsake....Save my wife, save my children." (Webster, Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette during the Revolution, p.149)...more
Thanks and a tip the Beret to Elena-Maria.
Dieu le Roy,