12.2.09

Assassination of Duc de Berry

Today is the Anniversary of the assassination of the Duke de Berry at the Paris Opera while helping the pregnant Duchess du Berry(1) into a carriage. The assassin was probably mad.

Her child Henri, (Henri Charles Ferdinand Marie Dieudonné d'Artois de France) the "Miracle Child" was born 7 months after his father' s death. He was called the miracle child because when he was born the senior Bourbon line would have become extinct as there were no other male children. He was called Dieudonné or "God-given".

On 2 August 1830, in response to the July Revolution, Henri's grandfather Charles X abdicated, and twenty minutes later Charles' elder son the Dauphin also abdicated in favor of the young duc de Bordeaux. Henri was immediately proclaimed Henri V, King of France and Navarre. However, after a fictive reign of only seven days, the National Assembly decreed that the throne should pass to the Regent, his distant cousin, the duc d'Orléans, who became Louis-Philippe, King of the French on August 9. (2)

Elena-Maria has a blog article today which may be found here...


Vive le Roy! Vive Louis!

de Brantigny

(1)Caroline was one of those people in who reside in history without which history would be reduced to simply dates and figures. Being reserved is not something she enjoyed. She was witty, lively, and very much like Marie-Antoinette and totally in love with her husband. She invented the all time favorite of women all over the world window shopping. A favorite pastime was going to the beach to swim. (scandalous!) Elena-Maria Vidal reports that..."She had a wonderful singing voice and could sing and play any operatic song after hearing it only once"...
(2) Hence all the problems with the current Orleanist claimant, his ancestor betrayed his cousin, and another was elected to the crown by a national convention, after which to make matters worse he called himself the King of the French, vice King of France. The current Orleanist calls himself Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France. He continues to spread titles around as if he were the legitimate claimant.

2 comments:

lara77 said...

His Royal Highness, Henri, Comte de Paris is a direct descendant of King Louis XIII; he is the ONLY French claimant to the throne of France. Most French monarchists, the French Government and even King Juan Carlos of Spain acknowledge the primacy of Henri.The horrible dealings of Phillipe Egalite do not disqualify a whole family and their decendants. Your Spanish prince that you acknowledge is Spanish; not French.ONLY Henri is French and the legitimate King of France.

de Brantigny........................ said...

Thank you Lara77 for your comment.

To answer you question I include this,

...The nationality of a dynast does not affect his right of succession to the Crown...

Several times in the history of the House of France, Dynasts have succeeded to foreign thrones without forfeiting their rights to the French Throne. Peter, Seigneur de Courtenay, grandson of Louis VI became Emperor of Constantinople and was succeeded as such by his two sons and grandson, while remaining a French Dynast (numerous surviving documents attests to his treatment as such by his cousins in France). Charles, younger son of Louis VIII, became King of Naples in 1265but retained his French titles and he and his male descendants continued to be treated as French Dynasts until the extinction of his male line in 1414. This branch also occupied the Throne of Hungary until 1382. Later the claim to Naples passed to Louis, Duke of Anjou, a younger son of John II, whose heirs subsequently acquired the Neapolitan Throne but never lost their status as French Dynasts or their French Peerages and titles.

On 11 May 1573, Henri, Duke of Anjou, next brother of King Charles IX, was elected King of Poland, and was crowned as such 18 February 1574. Nonetheless, despite being sovereign of a foreign state, he succeeded without impediment as Henri III, King of France on the death of his brother, abdicating the Crown of Poland. The throne of Navarre, which passed by mixed male and female succession, was at various times born by cadets of the House and various Kings of France until being united in a personal union with the accession of Henri IV in 1589. When Henri IV, King of Navarre, was found to be the nearest male heir by primogeniture he succeeded as King of France despite being Sovereign of a foreign state (he was of course also a French Peer). In an exchange of protocols between Spain and France on 12/26 December 1707, Louis XIV accorded to Philip V of Spain and his sons the titles and rank of "fils de France" although they were also foreign dynasts. In the text of the Pact of Aranjuez of 1741 the Spanish Infants are referred to as Princes of the Blood, a unique title implicitly acknowledging their French rights. In each of the latter two cases the French dynast acquiring a foreign Crown received letters confirming that he retained his French dynastic rights, and it has been argued that this was a pre-requisite for retaining such rights. The argument that a foreign citizen could not also be a dynast is based on an ancient French succession law which prevented foreigners from inheriting French fiefs. Yet it is clear that a specific right, such as that granted in a nobiliary patent, or equally a right to the Crown which is definable in law, is not affected by possession of foreign nationality as nationality can be changed upon succession, Hence there is not one example of a member of a French ducal family, for example, whose successions were closely regulated, being excluded from succeeding to a ducal title because an intervening generation enjoyed foreign nationality.

The marriage of Prince Gaston d'Orléans (1842-1922) to the Imperial Princess Isabel of Brazil in 1864, placed this branch of the Orléans family as immediate heirs to the Brazilian Crown and the descendants of this alliance today include the Imperial House of Brazil. By a peculiar (and illegal) arrangement the then head of the Orléans family declared that this line would henceforward be permanently excluded from the French succession, and a subsequent arrangement made under the authority of the Duke of Orléans (in his pretended capacity as Head of the House of France) declared that this line could be called to the throne only on the extinction of all the other lines. This declaration was accepted by Prince Gaston, and one of the principle arguments used to persuade him was the important point (from the Orleanist perspective) that foreign nationality must exclude a dynastic line as without this exclusion the Orleans could only rely on the renunciations of 1712.

If, however, foreign nationality was sufficient to exclude a dynast then a simple remedy to have settled the issue of the legality or otherwise of the renunciations of 1712 would have been to deprive Philip V of his French nationality upon becoming Spanish King. If foreign nationality was all that was required to exclude a dynast, there did not need to be any renunciations and no-one would have bothered to argue about the legality or otherwise of the means used. Indeed neither would there have been any further discussion of the rights of the Spanish line, as I have documented continued throughout the 18th century (see www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/bourbon/france/success/sucprt1.htm and following), nor during the debates over the French Constitution of 1791, nor at the time of the abolition of Salic law in 1830 nor the Spanish marriage in 1846. The grant of nationality is a civil act, and one which (certainly until modern times) could be easily reversed or revoked. When the Third French republic was confronted with powerful monarchist movements, the Law of Exile was passed in 1886 to inhibit monarchist activity, but how much more effective would it have been to revoke the nationality of the various claimants and thereby exclude them and their descendants forever! It is clear that such a fundamental right as that of succession to the Crown, not solely a personal right but a reciprocal one represented by the relationship between Crown and People (or the Nation), cannot be lost by the forfeiture of French nationality and there is no legitimate precedent to establish that it could. "Guy Stair Sainty"
http://www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/bourbon/france/frenlegt.htm

Richard