Heiligenstadt Testament

In May 1802, on the advice of Johann Adam Schmidt, Beethoven went to Heiligenstadt to rest. This residence was separate from the one at Vienna: it took about an hour to get there by carriage.

Depressed and unable to hide his increasing infirmity, Beethoven wrote, on October 6th 1802 a document which he guarded carefully afterwards, entitled "The Heiligenstadt Testament". In it he revealed his deafness and expressed his disgust. A second part of the testament was written a few days later, on October 10th 1802.

It is noted that three times the composer has omitted to write the christian name of his second brother, Johann.

Beethoven later wrote two more wills: in 1824, and, just before his death, in 1827.

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