6.6.08

Fort Macon

While June 6 is the anniversary of D-Day it is also my wife Suzanne's birthday, we met at fort Macon (pictured below) on her birthday June 6, 1982

Happy Birthday Suzy. Your adoring husband Richard.

The five-sided Fort Macon is constructed of brick and stone. Twenty-six vaulted rooms (also called casemates) are enclosed by outer walls that average 4 1/2 feet thick.

In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack.

Blackbeard and other infamous pirates were known to have passed through Beaufort Inlet at will while successive wars with Spain, France and Great Britain during the Colonial Period provided a constant threat of coastal raids by enemy warships. Beaufort was captured and plundered by the Spanish in 1747 and again by the British in 1782.

North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent such attacks and began efforts to construct forts. The eastern point of Bogue Banks was determined to be the best location for a fort to guard the entrance to Beaufort Inlet, and in 1756 construction of a small fascine fort known as Fort Dobbs began there. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution.

Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britain caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of coastal forts to protect itself. As a part of this defense, a small masonry fort named Fort Hampton was built to guard Beaufort Inlet during 1808-09. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but it was abandoned shortly after the end of the war. Shore erosion, combined with a hurricane in 1825, swept this fort into Beaufort Inlet by 1826.

The War of 1812 demonstrated the weakness of existing coastal defenses of the United States and prompted the US government into beginning construction on an improved chain of coastal fortifications for national defense. The present fort, Fort Macon, was a part of this chain. Fort Macon's purpose was to guard Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina's only major deepwater ocean port.

Construction of the present fort began in 1826. The fort was garrisoned in 1834. In the 1840s, a system of erosion control was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became general of the Confederate Army. At the beginning of the Civil War, North Carolina seized the fort from Union forces. The fort was later attacked in 1862, and it fell back into Union hands. For the duration of the war, the fort was a coaling station for navy ships.

Fort Macon was a federal prison from 1867 to 1876, garrisoned during the Spanish-American War and closed in 1903. Congress offered the sale of the fort in 1923, and the state purchased the land, making it the second state park. Restored by the Civilian Conservation Corps from 1934-35, the fort was garrisoned for the last time during World War II. More...

Jhesu+Marie
de Brantigny

Caen and Normandy

I have been carrying on a nice email conversation with Catherine Delors in Paris about an article on Joan of Arc from last week. Because today is the anniversary of D-day I had to insert a short blurb about the crusade in Europe. Catherine who travels to Normandie this weekend has given me an honourable mention in the below article.

"This week-end I am off to Normandy for the birthday of my longtime friend Anne. She lives in the fine city of Caen, where she teaches law with extraordinary skill and passion (and a great sense of humor too.)

Caen, as I hardly need to remind you, was one of the capitals, with Rouen, and later London, of Guillaume, Duc de Normandie, remembered by posterity as William the Conqueror, King of England.

You can still admire the Dukes' impressive chateau, as well as the gorgeous Abbaye aux Hommes, the Abbey of the Men, founded by Guillaume to expiate the sin of marrying his cousin, Mathilde de Flandres. Guillaume and Mathilde were related to a degree forbidden by the Church, and the proper dispensations had not been secured beforehand.

The marriage was off to a rocky start, apart from any issues of canon law. When Guillaume and Mathilde were first introduced, the prospective bride declared rather bluntly that "she would rather be a cloistered nun than married to a bastard." Guillaume took offense at his fiancee's comment. He seized her by her braids and dragged her across the room. Indeed he was born out of wedlock, the son of the prior Duke, Robert the Magnifique, and his concubine Arlette."...more


Of all the places I would wish to visit Normandy is near the top.

Une bon voyage et joyeux anniversaire à Anne.

Jhesu+Marie
de Brantigny

6th of June

Each day as I sit at my computer, I only have to glace up on the wall and I can see a map of France during the Hundred Years War. This map was brought back to me by my daughter when she returned from her studies at UCO,in Angers. I can see the two peninsulas of France, Normandy and Brittany. With almost pinpoint accuracy I can make out the landing sites of the invasion forces sent to conquer France and all of Europe from the Nazis. The invasion forces included Americans, Britons, Canadians, and French troops. Above them flew planes manned by Americans, Britons, French, Dutch Norwegians, Czech, and Poles. Today was their day and I remember them.

Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen of the Allied Expeditionary Force! You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world.

Your task will not be an easy one. Your enemy is well trained, well
equipped and battle hardened. He will fight savagely.

But this is the year 1944! Much has happened since the Nazi triumphs of
1940-41. The United Nations have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats,
in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their
strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home
Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions
of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men.
The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to
Victory!

I have full confidence in your courage and devotion to duty and skill in
battle. We will accept nothing less than full Victory!

Good luck! And let us beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great
and noble undertaking.


SIGNED: Dwight D. Eisenhower


Jhesu+Marie
de Brantigny

*The landings were made just a bit south-west from the embarkation point of the last major cross channel invasion, this one from France. In 1066 William Duc of Normandie left Saint-Valery (-en-Caux) in the Haute-Normandie for Hastings.

5.6.08

Sermon sur la montagne


Jésus Roi de l'univers

Mathieu 5,1-12.
Voyant les foules, il monta sur la montagne, et lorsqu'il se fut assis, ses
disciples s'approchèrent de lui.
Alors, prenant la parole, il se mit à les enseigner, en disant :
" Heureux les pauvres en esprit, car le royaume des cieux est à eux!
Heureux ceux qui sont affligés, car ils seront consolés!
Heureux ceux qui sont doux, car ils posséderont la terre!
Heureux ceux qui ont faim et soif de la justice, car ils seront rassasiés!
Heureux les miséricordieux, car ils obtiendront miséricorde!
Heureux ceux qui ont le cœur pur, car ils verront Dieu!
Heureux les pacifiques, car ils seront appelés enfants de Dieu!
Heureux ceux qui souffrent persécution pour la justice, car le royaume des cieux est à eux!
Heureux serez-vous, lorsqu'on vous insultera, qu'on vous persécutera, et qu'on dira faussement toute sorte de mal contre vous, à cause de moi. Réjouissez-vous et soyez dans l'allégresse, parce que votre récompense est grande dans les cieux; car c'est ainsi qu'ils ont persécuté les prophètes qui ont été avant vous.

Extrait de la Bible catholique traduite par le chanoine Crampon

Vous remercier au blog Le Coeur Sacré de Jésus...

Dieu Le Roy.
de Brantigny

Celine Dion - Ma Nouvelle France (Translated)

This is from the film Nouvelle France, the English versions are called Battle of the Brave (USA),(a new title)and New France (International title). I suppose that whomever is selling the movie did not know most Americans speak "International".

In any event the music is great, it is after all, Celine Dion. Buy the sundtrack but the film is a stinker.

de Brantigny

4.6.08

The Grand Derangement


I often post stories about Canada, of all these articles this is one of the saddest. It is also one that most who live outside of Louisiana and Canada know the least about...

Today is the anniversary of the Grand Derangement, when the colonies of Great Britain by force drove out the population of Acadia and resettled them in New England, the west Indies and mostly in Louisiana.

The Acadians were forced to leave Acadia for three reasons:
Most Acadians refused to pledge allegiance to the King of England.
The English were worried about the very high birth rate among Acadians.
Getting rid of the French-speaking Acadians made room for more English speakers.


The Grand Dérangement is considered the most important event in "Cajun" and Acadian history.

Excerpt from Lives of Quiet Desperation by Gary M. Lavergne...

The French colonial experience in Louisiana from Pierre le Moyne, Sieur d' Iberville's founding of Biloxi in the late 1690s to the signing of the Treaty of Paris of 1763, which ceded Louisiana to Spain and drove France out of North America, was not at all successful or pleasant. Like other French colonial possessions, Louisiana suffered from a lack of investment, a shortage of settlers, and neglect. It was not until shortly after the Spanish took administrative control of the Louisiana colony that any significant population increase took place. In 1784, Spanish Governor Don Bernardo de Galvez ordered a census of the colony. It was revealed that from 1766-1784 Louisiana's population had doubled to 27,500; New Orleans had grown to a city of about 5,000. The largest group of immigrants during this time period was the Acadian exiles.

"Acadia" was an early term for the maritime provinces of eastern Canada and the coastal region of northern Maine. It was established as a proprietary colony by Pierre Duguay, Sieur de Monts. One year earlier he had acquired a decade- long monopoly over the region's rich fur and fish assets. Initially, the colonization of the area was a near-disaster. In 1605, in a second attempt to colonize, de Monts transferred the colony to present-day Port Royal, Nova Scotia; it became the first permanent settlement in Acadia. By 1610 the colony consisted of only 25 men, but the foundations of a permanent settlement were laid. Crops were sown, land had been parceled out among the settlers, and the fur trade had been reestablished. But as Carl Brasseux documents in his landmark The Founding of New Acadia, the French hold on Acadia was tenuous at best. The lack of a firm political and financial commitment to colonization would characterize the French colonial experience in the New World. In 1613 Port Royal was demolished by an English privateer named Samuel Argall. In 1628 the French in Acadia had become so demoralized that they could not prevent the settling of Scottish Calvinists at Port Royal by Sir William Alexander, who had been granted proprietary rights by the King of England who named the area "Nova Scotia." During this period, the French held onto their claims by continuing their fur-trading operations. The restoration of French domination of the area occurred with the signing of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1632, and through the Company of New France, the French began to concentrate on securing Acadia as a stronghold. Vulnerable outposts were reinforced, the fur trade was expanded, and most importantly, immigration to Acadia was finally encouraged. In July, 1632 three hundred French settlers landed and after being organized into military units reoccupied Port Royal. Like Quebec, Acadia's strategic importance was geographic; it was mid-way between New England and Canada (Quebec). Like other French colonial possessions, Acadia suffered greatly from internal dissension and outright warfare among economic rivals. In the 1650s, while France was preoccupied with a European war, the British seized Acadia and held it for 16 years; by the late 1660s the French regained control. As the British threat loomed, and Acadia became a battleground among imperialist nations, internal dissension subsided and the Acadians began to close ranks. The insularity from other French influences and the necessity to guard against the ever-present British danger forged a French culture quite different from what was found in New Orleans, Quebec or Continental France. Numerous attempts by the British to make Acadians loyal subjects were met with obstinacy and derision, not so much because of the loyalty of the Acadians to the French Crown, Quebec, or their Catholic faith, but more so because of generations of absolute and unrelenting isolation. As Brasseaux states:

The role of geographic isolation in creating, molding, and nurturing early Acadian society cannot be overemphasized. Chronic isolation enhanced the impact of the frontier on the transplanted Frenchmen for it dictated not only the need for economic self- sufficiency, but also for a clannish, self-contained society, able and willing to carve a new life far from other European outposts in North America. Such independence was absolutely essential in the Acadian settlements whose lines of communication with the outside world were often tenuous at best.
more...

Is it any wonder why the Quebecois wish to just speak French?

Dieu le Roy.
de Brantigny

More art may be found here.

3.6.08

Cardinal asks Priest to step down

Another V2 Priest.

I watched the sermon that was given by Fr Pfleger at Trinity United Church of Christ. I was surprised and offended that a priest would speak out in such a manner. His tone was more Leninlike than Christ like. Finally after a couple of thousand calls and emails did Francis Cardinal George see fit to ask Fr Pfleger to step down. What also surprised me is Fr Pflegers voiced another opinion that the decision by Cardinal George "did not seem to be the right step at the time." This priest seems to think that he is so important that he can question his Ordinary.

I wonder if his flock will agitate to have him reinstated, and with Cardinal George bow to that pressure too.

CHICAGO - Cardinal Francis George asked a Chicago priest on Tuesday to temporarily step down from his post to "reflect on his recent statements" regarding Sen. Hillary Clinton and her bid for the White House.

Last week, the Rev. Michael Pfleger mocked Clinton at Sen. Barack Obama's former church, saying the New York senator felt "entitled" to the Democratic nomination for president.

In a guest sermon at Trinity United Church of Christ, Pfleger pretended he was Clinton crying over "a black man stealing my show."

Pfleger's sermon, along with past controversial statements by Trinity's former longtime pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, led Obama to resign his membership at Trinity. Pfleger apologized for his comments Sunday.

George asked Pfleger to take leave from pastoral duties at St. Sabina Church in order to "reflect on his recent statements and actions in the light of the church's regulations for all Catholic priests," according to a statement Tuesday from the Archdiocese of Chicago.

The leave was effective Tuesday and was scheduled to last "a couple of weeks," the statement said.

Pfleger, who has promised George he would no longer mention any presidential candidates by name, did not believe "this to be the right step at this time," according to the statement.

"While respecting his disagreement, I have nevertheless asked him to use this opportunity to reflect," George said in the statement. "I hope that this period will also be a time away from the public spotlight and for rest and attention to family concerns."

Messages seeking comment were left Tuesday for Pfleger and the Archdiocese of Chicago.

Pfleger, a 59-year-old white priest at a largely black parish, has gained a reputation for impassioned sermons and activism. The Archdiocese said his temporary replacement is the Rev. William Vanecko, pastor of Chicago's St. Kilian Catholic Church.


The Church will survive thanks to the Holy Spirit.

Jhesu+Marie
de Brantigny

Ste Therese and Lisieux

Catherine at Laudem Gloriae has posted a picture essay about the Carmel at Lisieux on her on her blog. It is well worth looking at... She begins...

"One of the saints who has revolutionized my understanding of God is St. Therese of the Infant Jesus and the Holy Face. Last week we made the four-hour train ride to the heart of Normandy to visit the hometown of this beloved saint. In the background you can see the dome of the Basilica built in St. Therese’s honor." more...

Thanks and I tip my beret to Catherine in Dijon.

Dieu Le Roy!
de Brantigny

Monarchist Quotes,

Mark Amesse has had this series of quotes on his blog Durendal for some time, I am finally getting around to placing a redirect...

The character of Kings is sacred; their persons are inviolable; they are the anointed of the Lord, if not with sacred oil, at least by virtue of their office. Their power is broad---based upon the Will of God, and not on the shifting sands of the people's will...More

Merci Marc...

Dieu le Roy!
de Brantigny

What is happening to Spain?

From the Catholic Bulletin...

Textbook for 15 year-olds in Spain attacks the Church

Madrid, Jun 1, 2008 /09:04 pm (CNA).- The association Educacion y Persona has denounced a new textbook that aggressively attacks the Church and supports abortion and is part of the government-sponsored school course Education for Citizenship. The textbook will be used by 15 year-olds.

The Spanish daily La Razon reported that the textbook “attacks the moral doctrine of the Catholic Church, parodies the election of a Pope, proposes Cuba as an economic model and treats the right to abortion as non-negotiable, with numerous obscene illustrations.”

La Razon pointed to several paragraphs in the text that directly attack the Church’s teachings on same-sex marriage, abortion and the use of contraceptives “Fortunately,” the textbook says, “we don’t have to put their teachings before those of Jesus Christ.”

Elsewhere the textbook states: “The Church has mobilized itself against this Education for Citizenship course even mentioning that other sexual options besides those it sanctions exist. They have tried to take the place of laws with their gods and churches.”

The textbook also includes illustrations that mock belief in God. In one such illustration, Adam and Eve are shown being expelled from the Garden of Eden. “Adam says to her: ‘I warned you, Eve. That idea of us actually thinking wasn’t going to make the old man happy one bit’.”

Illustrations from the book can be seen at:
http://www.larazon.es/galeria/noticia/43588/0/Parodia_de_Dios_en_Ciudadanía

O glorious Apostle, Saint James,who by reason of thy fervent and generous heart was chosen by Jesus to be witness of His glory on Mount Tabor, and of His agony in Gethsemane; thou, whose very name is a symbol of warfare and victory:
obtain for us strength and consolation in the unending warfare of this life,
that, having constantly and generously followed Jesus, we may be victors in the strife and deserve to receive the victor's crown in heaven.
Amen.

Dieu le Roy.
de Brantigny

2.6.08

Contemplating the modern Jacobin

Sometimes I just got to shake my head.

It seems the Democratic party has decided to allow the votes from Floridan and Michigan to count from their primary. In a party that preaches progressiveness it seems to me that they are regressing a bit here. The party which gave us the Civil War and the Klan must have learned it's lessons well. Delegates from Florida and Michigan will only be counted as half. Even slaves counted as three-fourths.

Ah democracy.

Dieu le Roy.
de Brantigny

1.6.08

There was Blessed Jeanne Jugan

Near the Campus of De Paul University in Chicago, there is a Catholic hospice for the care of the elderly which my parents, Richard and Eugenie, and sister Diane, volunteer. (I would not be printing this if they knew I wanted to, they are quiet about their missionary work). The Hospice is run by the Little Sisters of the Poor. There was Blessed Jeanne Jugan...

Take good care for the aged, for in them you are caring for Christ Himself. -- Bl. Jeanne Jugan

Beginnings

In 1837 Jeanne Jugan and two companions decided to move into a two-room apartment on Center Street and lead a life of prayer and dedication to God. Jeanne had always been sensitive to the things of God, and she saw him reflected in the numberless faces of the poor of France.

One day she encountered Anne Chauvin, a blind old widow with no one to look after her, and decided to bring her home. Since the apartment was on the second floor, Jeanne had to physically carry her up the narrow stairs. Jeanne gave her bed to Anne and moved into the loft.

Before long she took in another old woman, and Jeanne and her two companions had to work to support and feed themselves and two others. They would often stay up late at night mending and washing clothes and get up early each morning to care for the women in their charge.

Often on Sundays the three of them would go for a walk together along the seashore, stopping at a favorite cleft in the rocks to talk about God, their lives, and their plans for the future.

They would also discuss these matters with a young priest who had recently arrived to the parish. Fr le Pailleur was immediately interested in the work and gave it his full approval. A very capable, sometimes daring, and often ingenious man, he too had aspirations to help the poor; he felt compelled to support this work which held so much promise.

Visiting them at their home, he met with the three of them, and together they resolved to create a charitable association. Jeanne was delighted with the help promised by this young priest who approved of their mad plan. In very little time they were taking in more and more people, urged on by the desire to share the poverty and distress of those whom they sought to help and to alleviate their plight as much as possible.

Begging

Less than three years after this foundation, Jeanne and her companions moved down the street into their first house. Their new home was spacious, built around a courtyard large enough to make a proper dormitory. That same day six more women joined the group; many more would soon follow.

To support this growth, Jeanne devoted herself to begging. One young visitor to the new house wrote, "I saw Jeanne Jugan. She greeted me and my grandmother with a kind smile as she was preparing to go out collecting. Over her arm she put her basket, already such a well-known sight all over town. The old women called her Sister Jeanne. ‘Sister Jeanne,’ they would say, ‘do our job properly for us. Collect for us.’ Jeanne would lean over them and listen to a few more whispered instructions; she smiled at them. She left them promptly, for she did things quickly, yet she never gave the impression of hurrying or being hurried."

One day she rang the doorbell of a rich man notorious for his miserliness and persuaded him to donate a sizable gift. The next day she called again; at this he became very angry. She simply smiled and said, "Sir, my poor were hungry yesterday, they are hungry again today, and tomorrow they will be hungry too." The man became a regular benefactor of Jeanne’s works.

On another occasion Jeanne went to beg from a local ship owner, a fiery man given to violent fits of passion. Jeanne was the only person who knew how to manage his explosive temper. One time he was overseeing the unloading of one of his ships. Among the cargo were some small but enormously valuable bags filled with gold ingots. As the cargo was being unloaded one of these bags dropped into the water, provoking one of the man’s characteristic eruptions. Just at this moment Jeanne came along seeking a donation from him. While still some distance away, she saw that something was wrong and approached to see if she could help. He immediately launched into a tirade about what had happened. Promising to pray for the recovery of the lost money, Jeanne continued on her way.

The bag was eventually recovered, and when Jeanne passed by a short time later she remarked, "I told you God would recover your money."

The man looked almost sheepish for a moment, but he quickly regained his customary brusque demeanor. "Here," he growled. "Take the bag. This is for your little old folks."

Recognition

Each year the prestigious Montyon Award was presented by the French Academy to a poor French man or woman who performed outstanding public service. Some of Jeanne’s friends decided to submit her name as a candidate for the award. They prepared a brief memorial and presented it to the Academy for consideration. Several months later her friends were informed that Jeanne Jugan had been awarded the first prize, a total of three thousand francs. The money arrived just in time to pay for the new roof and some furniture which she had bought.

Jeanne soon realized she could use this award to advertise her work to the civil authorities. As one unexpected result of this publicity, she received a large gold medal as an award from the local Masonic Lodge. She promptly had it melted down and used the gold for a chalice.

The Deception

The little group continued to grow, and on December 8, 1842, the first "sisters" took a vow of obedience, thus establishing the Little Sisters of the Poor. In their first election, Jeanne Jugan was chosen as Mother Superior. However, two weeks later Fr le Pailleur called a surprise meeting. He nullified the election and named the timid twenty-three year old Marie Jamet in Jeanne’s place.

Eight years later, Fr le Pailleur drafted the definitive constitution of the institute with the help of another priest who had assisted Jeanne from the beginning. In the document, Fr le Pailleur carefully assured that the office of Father Superior General be given absolute authority over the congregation. The next year, the constitution was approved, and the Little Sisters of the Poor became a recognized congregation within the Church. The bishop was present when twenty-four postulants received their uniform and seventeen novices professed vows.

Fr le Pailleur had every reason to be satisfied. He had now secured the office of Father Superior General of the congregation, and consequently he had full authority. At this point, he made an important decision.

Calling Jeanne into his office, he told her she was to retire to the mother house. He ordered her to cut off all connection with her benefactors and friends and to no longer go out begging. She was to devote herself entirely to prayer and overseeing the manual work of the postulants. In everything, Jeanne obeyed with complete submission.

Gradually, Fr le Pailleur began to insinuate that he had always been the driving force behind the congregation. The story gradually spread that he had begun this work by recruiting two other sisters before encountering Jeanne Jugan. When he saw her talent for fundraising, he immediately set her to work begging for the sisters and the elderly in their charge. To bolster this story, he placed a plaque outside their first home which read, "Here Fr le Pailleur, founder of the Congregation of the Little Sisters of the Poor, began his work by helping a poor blind woman. He entrusted her to his two spiritual daughters to take her into the attic of this house where Jeanne Jugan was living. To their number, the founder soon added Jeanne Jugan, who discharged her duty of collecting with admirable devotion."

As the Little Sisters continued to grow and spread across the French countryside, journalists began to report this story, lending it still more credibility. Even the new novices were taught that Fr le Pailleur was the founder of the congregation. For all those who had known Jeanne in the early years, this caused some confusion.

He became ever more inflated with pride, demanding the most exaggerated signs of respect and flattery from the sisters; if they met him going for a walk they had to kiss his feet and ask for his blessing. Even his admirers became disquieted by the spectacle.

Out of obedience, Jeanne did nothing to dispel these falsehoods. Some postulants who had heard that Jeanne was the founder kept trying to get the whole story from her. Knowing the version of the story taught in the novitiate, Jeanne would say evasively, "They’ll tell you all about that in the novitiate." Then she would add, "Later, you’ll know all about that."

On one occasion, Jeanne, with her head in her hands, groaned, "They have stolen my work from me!" She later repeated these words jokingly to Fr le Pailleur, adding, "But I willingly give it to you."

"I Am Not the First Little Sister"

As the years went by, the witnesses began to pass away one by one. Eventually Jeanne herself died, twenty-seven years after being confined to the mother house. Rumors of the injustice ultimately reached Rome, where they raised some eyebrows. An apostolic inquiry was begun.

In 1890, Fr le Pailleur was summoned to Rome, eleven years after Jeanne Jugan had passed away. He spent his last five years in a convent, relieved of his office as Father Superior General.

The new chaplain at the mother house began to conduct a historical investigation into the origins of the congregation. He interviewed the founding sisters who were still alive and began to reconstruct the true story of the foundation. The most important document of the inquiry was the memorial for the Academy Award, written in Fr le Pailleur’s handwriting, which named Jeanne Jugan as the founder.

Marie Jamet, the Mother Superior whom Fr le Pailleur had named to replace Jeanne, lived to see the conclusion. "I am not the first Little Sister, nor the founder of the work," she testified. "Jeanne Jugan was the first one and the founder of the Little Sisters of the Poor." On her death bed she said, "I am not the first one but I was told to act as though I were."

From that point on, Jeanne Jugan would be called "Founder of the Little Sisters of the Poor." From God’s point of view, those twenty-seven years of silent faith had proven to be the most fruitful of her life.

Born in 1792, died in 1879 at the age of 86.
Founfress of Little Sisters of the Poor
Saint-Servan, France, 1842, at the age of 50.

Mission and Impact: Care for the elderly; By the time of Jeanne’s death, there were 2400 Little Sisters of the Poor in 10 different countries.

"Go and find him when your patience and strength run out and you feel alone and helpless. Jesus is waiting for you in the chapel. Say to him, ‘Jesus, you know exactly what is going on. You are all I have, and you know all things. Come to my help.’ And then go, and don’t worry about how you are going to manage. That you have told God about it is enough. He has a good memory."

Jhesu+Marie,
de Brantigny