22.9.08

Fall of the Papal States

On Durendal I found this little known and less understood destruction and fall of the Papal States.

Around 5am on the morning of the 20th of September 1870, the army of the nine-year-old Kingdom of Italy and it’s Masonic King, Vittorio Emanuele II, began the final attack on the Papal States. After four hours of bombarding the walls of Rome, the Italians succeeding in creating a breach near the Porta Pia and, in a show of disdain for the Vicar of Christ, sent in a dog named Pio pulling a cart of Protestant Bibles. Pope Pius IX, fearing more bloodshed, ordered his tiny army, who would have joyfully fought to the last man, to lay down their arms and surrender the Eternal City after a putting up a token resistance against the unjust aggressors. The Papal States and the temporal power of the Pope had come to an end.

The existence of the Papal States was an affront to the secular and nationalist “Enlightenment” ideologies that fueled the armed revolutions of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The revolutionaries seized Avignon and papal possessions in France in 1791; the northernmost Legations in Italy were taken in 1796; two years later in 1798 the Papal States themselves fell to the armies of the First French Republic and Pius VI taken prisoner, dying in exile the next year. Under his successor, Pius VII, the Papal States were restored in 1800, only to be invaded again by Bonaparte’s armies in 1808. Granted independence once more with the dissolution of the Napoleonic Empire in 1814, the Papal States were now dependant on the protection of foreign powers, notably the Austrian Empire.
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Thanks and I tip my beret to those at Durendal and special thanks to J.D. Bennett author of the above article.

Dieu le Roy,
de Brantigny

2 comments:

Jack Bennett said...

The Popes had the last laugh. The "Kingdom" of Italy is gone, the House of Savoy exiled (and only recently allowed to return), the Italian Republic has gone through one unstable govt. to another - while the Popes have their own state (however small) and is one of the most important voices (still) in Italy and the world.

de Brantigny said...

Thanks for the article and fine commentary.
de Brantigny